Title page for ETD etd-09022002-101837


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Mazilu, Irina
Author's Email Address imazilu@vt.edu
URN etd-09022002-101837
Title Steady State Properties of Some Driven Diffusive Systems
Degree PhD
Department Physics
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Schmittmann, Beate Committee Chair
de Wolf, David A. Committee Member
Dennison, Brian K. Committee Member
Mizutani, Tetsuro Committee Member
Zia, Royce K. P. Committee Member
Keywords
  • small systems
  • Monte Carlo simulations
  • driven diffusive systems
Date of Defense 2002-08-30
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
In an attempt to reach a better understanding of the properties and critical behavior of non-equilibrium systems, we investigate the steady state properties of three simple models, variations of the prototype, the driven Ising lattice gas. Our first system studied is the bilayer model, a stack of two driven Ising lattice gases allowed to interact. We study this model using a very simple analytic approximation, the high temperature expansion. Building on existing simulation data and field theory results, our goal is to test how faithfully the series expansion can reproduce the Monte Carlo phase diagram. We find that the agreement between our calculations and the already reported simulations results is remarkably good. Next, we investigate the critical behavior of a two-dimensional Ising lattice gas driven into a non-equilibrium steady state, subject to a local modification of the dynamics, namely, having anisotropic attempt frequencies for exchanges along different spatial directions. We employ both Monte Carlo simulation techniques and a high temperature expansion approximation and find the phase diagram of the system, perform a finite-size scaling study in order to determine the universality class of the model and compare our simulation results with the phase diagram obtained using the high temperature expansion. We conclude that the bias in the jump rates does not affect the universal critical properties of the system: the modified model is in the same universality class as the driven Ising lattice gas. Our last objective concerns a different inroad into the study of non-equilibrium steady states. Instead of investigating a non-equilibrium steady state via indirect observables, such as correlation functions and order parameters, we seek to compute the steady state probability distribution directly. This is feasible only for systems with a small number of degrees of freedom. We chose to study a one-dimensional version of the so-called two-temperature kinetic Ising model. We solve the master equation exactly for a 1x6 system, and compare the full configurational probability distribution with its equilibrium counterpart.
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