Title page for ETD etd-09032002-091440


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Shank, Alba Maria Montana
Author's Email Address ashank@vt.edu
URN etd-09032002-091440
Title Effects of Stress on Several Immune and Health Responses of Weanling Calves
Degree Master of Science
Department Veterinary Medical Sciences
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Swecker, William S. Jr. Committee Chair
Eversole, Dan E. Committee Member
Fontenot, Joseph P. Committee Member
Saker, Korinn E. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Glutatione peroxidase
  • Weaning
  • Selenium
  • Stress
  • Bovine
Date of Defense 2002-07-02
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The effects of weaning stressors on several immune and health responses were measured in three experiments. Sixty-four beef calves from 2 sources were bled on d - 7 (pre-weaning), 0 (weaning), 7, 14, and 21 (post-weaning). Serum selenium (Se), neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity for erythrocytes and leukocytes were measured for each calf at each date. Erythrocyte GSH-Px activity remained constant over time, while leukocyte GSH-Px and serum Se increased on d 7 (P<0.0001). Effects of single mineral vs. multi-mineral supplementation were measured for several immune and health responses in 2 trials. Trial 1: 36 heifers weaned on-site at SVAREC were randomly assigned 1 of 2 dietary supplements: 1) no supplement; 2) 15% CP at 0.5% BW; and 1 of 3 injection treatments: 1) no treatment (control); 2) Mu-Se injection; 3) Multi-Min injection. Whole blood Se and serum Cu increased post-weaning and serum Zn decreased post-weaning. Mu-Se-supplemented heifers gained weight faster between d 14-28 vs. Multi-Min-supplemented (P=0.01) or control heifers (P=0.02). Trial 2: 48 steers purchased at auction and transported to SVAREC were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 pasture management systems: 1) control (no treatment); 2) litter fed; 3) litter applied; 4) inorganic fertilizer; and 1 of 3 injection treatments (same as Trial 1). Whole blood Se and serum Cu increased post-stress and serum Zn decreased post-stress. Oxidative burst activity decreased in Mu-Se and Multi-min supplemented steers between d 0-4 vs. control steers (P<0.01). Multi-min-supplemented steers had higher phagocytic activity vs. steers in either Mu-Se or control groups (P=0.04).
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