Title page for ETD etd-09082012-040126
|Type of Document
||Hager, Jonathan M.
||Development and calibration of a heat flux microsensor
||Master of Science
|Diller, Thomas E.
|Date of Defense
The concept, design, fabrication, and calibration of a new type of layered heat flux gage is described.
Using thin-film microfabrication techniques the gage design is able to combine many of the
desireable characteristics of other previous gage designs to produce a gage that has a very small size,
high frequency response, and the ability to measure very high heat flux rates. The heat flux
microsensor incorporates a differential thermopile, a set of 100 differential thermocouple pairs
connected in series across a thin thermal resistance layer. The gage is fabricated on a model surface
without the need for additional adhesives. The design configuration allows the thermal insulating
layer to remain very thin, while still retaining the high output typical of much thicker gages. The
small overall thickness of the gage, less than 2 μm, gives it a fast time response with the capability
of measuring heat transfer in transient flow conditions. The combination of small thickness and
small surface dimensions, 1 mm by 1 cm, gives the microsensor negligible flow and thermal disruption.
The performance of a prototype microsensor deposited on Corning 7059 glass was measured.
Steady-state calibrations were done using a convection calibration apparatus. The measured sensitivity
(before amplification) was 0.164 mV per watt/cm2. The output was linear over the range
tested from 800 to 9000 watts/m2. The unsteady response was tested using a continuous laser beam
directed through a variable speed chopper wheel onto the gage surface. Results showed a frequency
response of at least 1 kHz.
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