Title page for ETD etd-09222004-150415


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Li, Huimin
URN etd-09222004-150415
Title Relationship between molecular structure and surface properties of self-assembled monolayers
Degree PhD
Department Chemistry
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Anderson, Mark R. Committee Chair
Brewer, Karen J. Committee Member
Davis, Richey M. Committee Member
Long, Gary L. Committee Member
Morris, John R. Committee Member
Keywords
  • adhesion promoter
  • structure property relationship
  • EIS
  • self-assembled monolayer
  • RAIRS
  • corrosion protection
Date of Defense 2004-09-08
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Relationship Between Molecular Structure and

Surface Properties of Self-Assembled Monolayers

Huimin Li

(Abstract)

Polyimides are frequently used as insulating layers in the microelectronics industry. These polymers are tough, have high thermal stability, and have favorable dielectric properties; consequently, polyimides are excellent materials for insulating layers in microelectronic devices. In this research, self-assembled monolayers are investigated for use as an adhesion promoter for metal substrates, and for corrosion protectors of the metal surface.

Gold substrates modified by adsorption of 3- and 4-aminothiophenol monolayers, 3- and (4-mercaptophenyl) phthalimide (MPP) monolayers, and by reaction of the 3- and 4-aminothiophenol monolayers with the phthalic anhydride were studied using reflection absorption infrared spectroscopy, contact angle measurement, ellipsometry, and electrochemical measurements. Reactions on the monolayers are used to model the attachment of an insulating polyimide to the substrate. The covalent attachment of the anhydride is confirmed, and the efficiency of the reaction of the aminothiolphenol monolayers is investigated. The reactivity of the aminothiolphenol monolayers is found to depend on the position of the amino-group around the phenyl ring.

Impedance spectroscopy is used to investigate the ionic insulating properties of these systems. The 4-mercaptophthalimide monolayer is found to have the highest monolayer resistance to ion transport. This result suggests that it forms the most densely packed monolayer. The monolayer resistance of the surfaces prepared by adsorption of the aminothiolphenol isomers followed by reaction with phthalic anhydride is much lower than the corresponding deposited mercaptophthalimide monolayers. These results suggest that the reaction efficiency is low. Impedance spectroscopy and polarization measurements suggests a higher protection efficiency for 3-mercaptophenylphthalimide. These results will be discussed in the context of the ability of the isomeric mercaptophthalimide monolayers to serve as protectors against substrate corrosion.

Files
  Filename       Size       Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds) 
 
 28.8 Modem   56K Modem   ISDN (64 Kb)   ISDN (128 Kb)   Higher-speed Access 
  dissertation.pdf 1.22 Mb 00:05:39 00:02:54 00:02:32 00:01:16 00:00:06

Browse All Available ETDs by ( Author | Department )

dla home
etds imagebase journals news ereserve special collections
virgnia tech home contact dla university libraries

If you have questions or technical problems, please Contact DLA.