Title page for ETD etd-10012008-063040
|Type of Document
||Hart, Evan A.
||GIS and the dairy industry :examining the roles of government regulation and dairy cooperatives in the shipment of fluid milk
||Master of Science
|Morrill, Robert W.
|Carstensen, Laurence William Jr.
|James, Robert E.
- network analysis
- dairy cooperatives
- federal milk order markets
|Date of Defense
This thesis deals with the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the transport
of raw fluid milk from its origin on the farm to the processing plant. Current applications of
GIS in transportation planning are discussed. Spatial, physical, administrative and legal
constraints affecting the shipment of fluid milk are outlined, especially the roles of government
legislation and dairy cooperatives. GIS is used to evaluate milk hauling efficiencies on both
local and regional scales. The case study focuses on Rockingham and Augusta counties in
northwestern Virginia and the surrounding hinterland. On the local scale GIS network functions
are used to determine optima] routes for milk trucks between dairy farms in these counties and
the processing plant in Mt. Crawford, Virginia. Comparisons are made between the results
achieved by GIS and the results obtained through traditional methods of route planning. A
regional scale case study uses GIS allocation functions to evaluate the effect of government
regulations (Federal and State Order Markets) on the efficiency of hauling fluid milk from farms
in the study area to plants outside the region. Results indicate that government regulations and
cooperative decisions shape the morphology of fluid milk shipment and that GIS is a useful tool
for regional milk marketing. Finally, a mail survey assesses the present use of automated
systems and GIS among dairy cooperatives, and the possibility of future implementation of such
systems in the dairy industry.
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