Title page for ETD etd-10042006-143841
|Type of Document
||MacDonald, Bonnie Louise
||The role of systems-level variables in family adaptation to bereavement : a concept-validation study of cohesion and expressiveness
|Clum, George A. Jr.
|Finney, Jack W.
|Keller, James F.
|Koocher, Gerald P.
|Ollendick, Thomas H.
- Bereavement in children
- Bereavement Psychological aspects
- Family psychotherapy
|Date of Defense
Understanding and prediction of children's adaptation to loss requires
attention to family characteristics and interpersonal patterns in addition
to individual variables. Empirical inquiries into family variables have
indicated that the concepts of cohesion and expressiveness in particular
may be useful in explaining members' adjustment. Using both deductive and
inductive methods this study developed a reliable behavioral coding system
for observing family members as they described the story of a child's death.
The study also examined the relationship of these observable behaviors to
both self-reports of cohesion and expressiveness and measures of individual
adjustment. In terms of convergent validity the Expressiveness subscale of
the Family Environment Scale (Moos & Moos, 1986) was more readily
associated with observable behaviors than was the Cohesion subscale.
Discriminant validity was not established, however, and possible
explanations for this were discussed. Examination of criterion-related and
predictive validity demonstrated the uti1ity of both se1f-report and
behavioral measures of cohesion and expressiveness in accounting for
parental depression, child behavior problems, and other specific indicators
of distress. Implications for clinical intervention with bereaved families
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