Title page for ETD etd-10132005-152550


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Hsu, Su-Yuen
URN etd-10132005-152550
Title Finite element micromechanics modeling of inelastic deformation of unidirectionally fiber-reinforced composites
Degree PhD
Department Engineering Mechanics
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Griffin, Odis Hayden Jr. Committee Chair
Barker, Richard M. Committee Member
Hyer, Michael W. Committee Member
Reddy, Junuthula N. Committee Member
Reifsnider, Kenneth L. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Fibrous composites Models
  • Micromechanics Models
  • Deformations (Mechanics)
Date of Defense 1992-07-05
Availability restricted
Abstract
Part I (Efficient Endochronic Finite Element Analysis: an Example of a Cyclically Loaded Boron/Aluminum Composite): A convenient and efficient algorithmic tangent matrix approach has been developed for 3-D finite element (FE) analysis using the endochronic theory without a yield surface. The underlying algorithm for integrating the endochronic constitutive equation was derived by piecewise linearization of the plastic strain path. The approach was employed to solve a micromechanics boundary value problem of a cyclically loaded unidirectional boron/6061 aluminum composite. All the FE results consistently demonstrate superior numerical stability and efficiency of the proposed method. Extensions of the method to endochronic plasticity with a yield surface and to the plane stress case are also presented.

Part II (Simple and Unified Finite Element Formulation for Doubly Periodic Models: Applications to Boron/Aluminum Composites): A simple and unified weak formulation and its convenient FE implementation have been proposed. The weak formulation is valid for any doubly periodic model under uniform 3-D macro-stress, and serves as a common rational foundation of different FE approaches. The algorithmic tangent matrix approach for the endochronic theory has been incorporated into the FE formulation to model isothermal, rate-independent plastic macro-deformation of unidirectional fibrous composites with idealized two-phase micro-structure and backed-out inelastic matrix properties. Methods for determining inelastic material parameters of the matrix have been established. Numerical results for a B/6061 AI composite subjected to on-axis and off-axis monotonic tensile loadings are in good agreement with experimental data. The micromechanics model also shows the potential for quantitative characterization of complicated cyclic behavior. Finally, some effects of model geometry on overall plastic response of the B/6061 AI composite are discussed from the viewpoint of theoretical-experimental correlation.

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