Type of Document Master's Thesis Author Rodarte, Alma Isabel Marín URN etd-10132010-020210 Title Predispersed solvent extraction Degree Master of Science Department Chemical Engineering Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Sebba, Felix Committee Chair Beyer, Gerhard H. Committee Member Michelsen, Donald L. Committee Member Keywords
Date of Defense 1988-05-15 Availability restricted Abstract
A new solvent extraction method has been developed for the extraction of metal and organic ions from very dilute aqueous solutions. The new method, which has been named Predispersed Solvent Extraction (POSE), is based on the principle that 1 there is no need to comminute both phases. All that is necessary is to comminute the solvent phase prior to contacting it with the feed. This is done by converting the solvent into aphrons, which are micron-sized globules encapsulated in a soapy film. Since the aphrons are so small, it takes a long time for the solvent to rise to the surface under the influence of gravity alone. Therefore, the separation is expedited by piggy-back flotation of the aphrons on specially prepared gas bubbles, which are somewhat larger than aphrons and are called colloidal gas aphrons (CGA).
Copper, uranium and chromium ions, and alizarin yellow were extracted from very dilute aqueous solutions using PDSE. Tests were performed in a vertical glass column in both batch and continuous modes, and in a continuous horizontal trough. The new solvent extraction procedure worked very efficiently and very quickly under laboratory conditions. Higher than 99% extraction was achieved in many of the tests performed.
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