Title page for ETD etd-10212005-123005


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Heltzel, Carl E.
URN etd-10212005-123005
Title Structural and synthetic studies of bioactive natural products
Degree PhD
Department Chemistry
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Kingston, David G. I. Committee Chair
Bell, Harold M. Committee Member
Castagnoli, Neal Jr. Committee Member
Merola, Joseph S. Committee Member
Taylor, Larry T. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Plant bioactive compounds
Date of Defense 1993-10-26
Availability restricted
Abstract
Bioassay directed fractionation of the methyl ethyl ketone extract of Crescentia cujete resulted in the isolation of nine bioactive compounds, and detailed spectroscopic interpretation led to the assignment of their structures as (2S,3S)-3-hydroxy-5,6-dimethoxy dehydroiso-α-Iapachone [2.10], (2R)-5,6- dimethoxydehydroiso-α-Iapachone [2.11], (2R)-5-methoxy dehydroiso-alapachone [2.12], 5-hydroxy-2-(1'-hydroxyethyl)naphtho[2,3-b ]furan-4,9-dione [2.13], 2-(1 '-hydroxyethyl)naphtho[2,3-b ]furan-4,9-dione [2.14]' 2-isopropenylnaphtho[ 2,3-b ]furan-4,9-dione [2.15], 5-hydroxydehydro-iso-a-Iapachone [2.16], 3-hydroxymethylfuro[3,2-b ]naphtho[2,3-d]furan-5,10-dione [2.17], and 9- hydroxy-3-hydroxymethylfuro[3,2-b ]naphtho[2,3-d]furan-5,10-dione [2.18]. Compounds 2.10-2.12 are new, showing selective activity towards DNA repair-deficient yeast mutants. The selective DNA damaging activity of known compounds 2.13-2.16 is reported herein for the first time. Compounds 2.17 and 2.18 also show DNA damaging activity, and possess a novel fused ring system.

The bioactive sterols ergosta-5-24(28)-diene-3β,7α-diol [3.1] and 24,28- epoxyergost-5-ene-3β,7α-diol [3.2], originally isolated from Pseudobersama mossambicensis, have been synthesized from stigmasterol. In addition to these sterols, some of their analogs were prepared, and the bioactivity of all compounds were assessed.

Files
  Filename       Size       Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds) 
 
 28.8 Modem   56K Modem   ISDN (64 Kb)   ISDN (128 Kb)   Higher-speed Access 
[BTD] LD5655.V856_1993.H459.pdf 3.67 Mb 00:17:00 00:08:44 00:07:39 00:03:49 00:00:19
[BTD] next to an author's name indicates that all files or directories associated with their ETD are accessible from the Virginia Tech campus network only.

Browse All Available ETDs by ( Author | Department )

dla home
etds imagebase journals news ereserve special collections
virgnia tech home contact dla university libraries

If you have questions or technical problems, please Contact DLA.