Type of Document Master's Thesis Author De La Torre, Mary McCarter URN etd-11142012-040035 Title Maternal anthropometric measures and nutrient intake during the second trimester of pregnancy of normal weight and overweight gravidas Degree Master of Science Department Human Nutrition and Foods Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Taper, L. Janette Committee Chair Johnson, Janet M. Committee Member Rogers, Cosby Steele Committee Member Keywords
- Malnutrition in pregnancy.
Date of Defense 1985-12-05 Availability restricted AbstractHeight, skinfold, and circumference measurements were obtained from
29 normal weight and 17 overweight (>110% of desirable weight for
height) healthy pregnant women every four weeks during their second
trimester of pregnancy. The mean weight gain and food intake values
were not significantly different for both groups. Measurements
increased at a greater rate for the normal weight gravidas than for the
overweight gravidas in almost every case. For both groups, increases in
fat stores were greater in the central sites than in the peripheral
sites. No clear relationship between age, prepregnant weight, and weight
gain during the second trimester with the birthweight of the baby was
found. The infant birthweights of both groups were at an optimal level
( >2500 grams) except for one (born to the mother 151% of her desirable
weight for height). The similarity in results for the two groups is
greatly due to there not being a large enough difference in prepregnant
weights between the two groups. Nevertheless, the results do lend
support to a 20 to 30 pound weight gain for an optimal outcome of
pregnancy for healthy pregnant women with a wide range of prepregnancy
weights. Those women 150% or more of their desirable weight for height
may need to gain on the lower end of the spectrum due to their excess
endogenous reserves and to possible harm to the fetus with large gains.
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