Title page for ETD etd-11212012-040128
|Type of Document
||Emerson, Carol S.
||Anger and denial as predictors of cardiovascular reactivity in women
||Master of Science
|Harrison, David W.
|Crawford, Helen J.
|Zeskind, Philip Sanford
|Date of Defense
Behavioral and physiological reactivity, and its
relationship to cardiovascular disease has been studied in
men for a number of years, and the expression of anger has
been identified as a possible contributing factor. Few
studies, however, have focused specifically on the
reactivity of women, and those which have suggest that women
are less reactive to laboratory tasks than men. For the
present study, 45 undergraduate women, ages 19-21 were
selected from a larger sample of 135 women to represent
three discrete groups: (1) low anger/low denial, (2) high
anger/low denial, and (3) low anger/high denial, based on
their scores on the State—Trait Anger Expression Inventory,
P and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale. It was
hypothesized that the three groups would show reliable
differences in heart rate and blood pressure during
presentation of a stressful laboratory stimulus, the Stroop
Color and Word Test. Each subject received three
counterbalanced conditions: (1) no feedback, (2) error
feedback without observer present,
(3) error feedback with observer present. As hypothesized,
women who reported a high level of denial and a low level of
anger exhibited reliably greater systolic blood pressure to
the no—feedback condition than subjects who reported low
levels of denial and anger. The hypothesis that all groups
would display greater A reactivity in a condition which
provided error feedback with observation was not supported.
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