Type of Document Dissertation Author Hodges, Charles Brent URN etd-11292005-222745 Title Self-efficacy, Motivational Email, and Achievement in an Asynchronous Mathematics Course Degree PhD Department Learning Sciences and Technologies Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Cennamo, Katherine S. Committee Chair Abraham, Jane L. Committee Member Burton, John K. Committee Member Hannsgen, Kenneth B. Committee Member Lockee, Barbara B. Committee Member Keywords
- motivational email
- math achievement
- asynchronous math course
Date of Defense 2005-11-28 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis study investigated the effects of motivational email messages on learner self-efficacy and
achievement in an asynchronous college algebra and trigonometry course. A pretest-posttest
control group design was used. Of the 196 initial participants randomly assigned to treatment
groups, 125 participants with an average age of 18.21 years completed the study. The final
control and experimental groups consisted of 57 (n=17 male, n=40 female) and 68 (n=14 male,
n=54 female) participants respectively. Self-efficacy to learn mathematics asynchronously
(SELMA) was measured before the treatment was administered. Email messages designed to be
efficacy enhancing were sent to the experimental group weekly for 4 weeks. The control group
was sent email messages designed to be neutral with respect to self-efficacy weekly for 4 weeks.
SELMA and math achievement were measured after the email messages were sent in week 4.
Analysis of covariance was performed using the pretest SELMA measure as a covariate to detect
post-treatment differences in SELMA between the control and experimental groups. No
significant differences were detected at the 0.05 alpha level. Paired-sample t-Tests revealed
significant increases in SELMA for both the control and experimental groups over the treatment
period. Linear regression analysis revealed a weak positive relationship between SELMA and
math achievement. The findings are discussed in the context of the related literature and
directions for future research are suggested.
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