Type of Document Master's Thesis Author Kutintara, Benjamas Author's Email Address firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-11997-152912 Title Residential Interior Environments of Retired Government Employees in Thailand Degree Master of Science Department Housing, Interior Design, and Resource Management Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Beamish, Julia O. Committee Chair McLain-Kark, Joan H. Committee Member Scott-Webber, Lennie Committee Member Keywords
- older adult
- interior design
Date of Defense 1997-11-19 Availability unrestricted AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explain the safety and usability problems in
the residential interior environment of Thai older adults. A sample of 163 retired
government employees who live in Bangkok, Thailand were asked to complete a self-administered
questionnaire which included questions about housing characteristics,
interior environment features, personal information, health condition, and activity level.
The mean age of the older adults was 68.1 and ranged from 60 to 93 years. The data
were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, and means as descriptive statistics
and one-way analyses of variance.
The findings revealed that most of the Thai older adults had lived in their own
two story detached houses more than ten years and with their family members. The
majority of the respondents had vision problems, but almost all could easily perform
activities of daily living by themselves and half of them could easily perform
instrumental activities of daily living by themselves. Problematic interior
environmental features in each area of the home were identified and prioritized.
When respondents were divided by age group, significant differences appeared in the
degree of difficulty with two safety and usability features in the home. Divided by daily
activity levels, respondents revealed significant differences in the degree of difficulty
associated with eight safety and usability features. When the homes were broken
down to five categories: entrance and stairs, bedroom, bathroom, kitchen, and other
interior features of the house, it was these other interior features that seemed to have
the most problems in safety and usability. The kitchen had the most problems in
safety and usability when compared to other rooms. Based on these findings, design
recommendations for Thai housing were developed.
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