Title page for ETD etd-12132009-152410


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Bapat, Amey Vivek
Author's Email Address ameybapat@vt.edu
URN etd-12132009-152410
Title INFLUENCE OF BRIDGE PARAMETERS ON FINITE ELEMENT MODELING OF SLAB ON GIRDER BRIDGES.
Degree Master of Science
Department Civil Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Sotelino, Elisa D. Committee Chair
Cousins, Thomas E. Committee Member
Roberts-Wollmann, Carin L. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Finite Element Analysis
  • Dynamic
  • Slab on Girder Bridges
  • Static
Date of Defense 2009-12-03
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The present study is part of the Long Term Bridge Performance Program (LTBP) funded by the Federal Highway Administration. The objectives of this program are to create a comprehensive database of quantitative information of the long-term performance of selected pilot bridges and to develop a methodology to assess bridge performance. Finite element (FE) modeling of the pilot bridges is an intrinsic part of the LTBP program and is intended to not only assist with instrumentation decisions, but also to provide further insight into the behavior of these bridges, which cannot be achieved solely from field testing of the bridges. This thesis provides a comprehensive study of a plethora of issues associated with the development of reliable and accurate FE models of bridges.

The first objective of this investigation was to develop reliable finite element models with a variety of levels of refinement and to study the effect of the inclusion of various bridge parameters in the model, such as bridge skew, degree of composite action, thermal gradient and level of support restraint, on the response of bridges. First, the suitability of different modeling techniques and of elements used to model the primary bridge components was assessed using simple models for which analytical solutions are readily available. From these studies, it was concluded that shell elements are adequate to model the bridge deck, and beam and shell elements are both satisfactory to model the bridge girders. From the dynamic analyses of theWildcat Creek River Bridge and the Colquitz River Bridge, flexural modes of vibration were found to be highly sensitive to support restraints and to how the guardrails were modeled and less sensitive to the inclusion of bracing and thermal gradients in the model. The finite element models using extreme boundary conditions were successful in bracketing the field response. The factors identified from these analyses were considered in the analysis of the Virginia pilot bridge. Different support restraints, and the inclusion of skew and level of composite action in the model had noticeable impact on both the static and dynamic responses of the bridge. The results from these analyses were used to assist with instrumentation decisions prior to field-testing. The developed model will also be used to help researchers further understand the bridge’s behavior and to help explain a variety of phenomena observed in the field.

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