Title page for ETD etd-12142010-153832


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Somero, John Ryan
Author's Email Address jsomero@vt.edu
URN etd-12142010-153832
Title Computational Simulations of a Non-body of Revolution Ellipsoidal Model Utilizing RANS
Degree Master of Science
Department Aerospace and Ocean Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Simpson, Roger L. Committee Chair
Grossman, Bernard M. Committee Member
Roy, Christopher J. Committee Member
Keywords
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Ellipsoid
  • Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes
  • Maneuvering
  • Skin Friction
Date of Defense 2010-08-06
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The ability of Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) models to predict the characteristics of a non-Body of Revolution (non-BOR) Ellipsoidal model is studied to establish the feasibility of utilizing RANS as a non-BOR concept design tool. Data unable to be obtained experimentally, such as streamwise and spanwise pressure gradients and yaw turn boundary layer characteristics, are also established. A range of conditions are studied including ahead, pitched up, steady 10 and 15 degree yaw turns, and unsteady 10 and 15 degree yaw turns. Simulation results show good agreement for ahead and pitched forces and moments. Straight ahead skin friction values also showed good agreement, providing even improved agreement over an LES model which utilized wall functions. Yaw turn conditions also showed good agreement for roll angles up to 10 degrees. Steady maneuvering forces and moments showed good agreement up to 10 degrees roll and separation calculations also showed good agreement up to 10 degrees roll. Unsteady maneuvering characteristics showed mixed results, with the normal force and pitching moment trends generally agreeing with experimental data, whereas the unsteady rolling moment did not tend to follow experimental trends. Two primary conditions, the change in curvature between the mid-body and elliptical ends and the accuracy of modeling of 3D flows with RANS, are discussed as sources of discrepancies between the experimental data and steady simulations greater than 10 degrees roll and unsteady rolling simulations.
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