Title page for ETD etd-3798-154753


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Massicotte, Christiane II
Author's Email Address cmassico@vt.edu
URN etd-3798-154753
Title NEUROPATHOLOGIC EFFECTS OF PHENYLMETHYLSULFONYL FLUORIDE (PMSF)-INDUCED PROMOTION AND PROTECTION IN ORGANOPHOSPHORUS ESTER-INDUCED DELAYED NEUROPATHY(OPIDN) IN HENS.
Degree Master of Science
Department Small Animal Clinical Sciences
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Ehrich, Marion F.
Inzana, Karen D.
Jortner, Bernard S.
Jortner, Bernard S. Committee Chair
Keywords
  • Toxicology
  • Organophosphate
  • Neuropathy
  • Promotion
Date of Defense 1998-03-30
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The serine/cysteine protease inhibitor phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) has been used both to promote and to protect against neuropathic events of organophosphorus-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN) in hens (Lotti et al., 1991; Veronesi et al., 1985; Pope and Padilla, 1990; Pope et al., 1993). This study expands upon this work by correlating clinical and neuropathological findings in these modifications of OPIDN. To provide appropriate models of OPIDN, single phenyl saligenin phosphate (PSP) dosages of 0.5, 1.0, or 2.5 mg/kg were administered to adult hens. PMSF (90 mg/kg) was given either 4 hours after or 12 hours prior to PSP administration. Clinical signs and pathologic changes in the biventer cervicis nerve (El-Fawal et al., 1988) were monitored. PSP alone, 2.5 mg/kg, ellicitated severe OPIDN (terminal clinical score 7.5 &#177; 1.0 [0-8 scale]; neuropathology score 2.7 &#177; 0.3 [0-4 scale, based on myelinated fiber degeneration]). PMSF given 12 hours prior to PSP gave complete protection (clinical and neuropathology scores of 0; p<0.0001). Signs and lesions of OPIDN were absent following 0.5 mg/kg PSP alone, but PMSF given 4 hours after PSP potentiated its neurotoxic effects (clinical score 4.0 &#177; 0.0; neuropathology score 3.5 &#177; 0.3; p<0.0001). At the time of sacrifice, there was a correlation (r = 0.61) between the clinical score on the last day of observation and the neuropathology scores (p<0.0001). This study demonstrates that the intensity of peripheral nerve myelinated fiber degeneration correlates with clinical deficits in PMSF-induced potentiation and protection in OPIDN.
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