Type of Document Dissertation Author Schmidt, Christian Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-566232139711101 Title Experimental Study of the PVTX Properties in Part of the Ternary System H2O-NaCl-CO2 Degree PhD Department Geological Sciences Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Chou, I. M. Craig, James R. Roedder, E. Tracy, Robert J. Bodnar, Robert J. Committee Chair Keywords
- raman spectroscopy
- synthetic fluid inclusions
- PVTX properties
- water - sodium chloride - carbon dioxide
- hydrothermal diamond-anvil cell
Date of Defense 1997-03-21 Availability unrestricted AbstractPhase equilibria and volumetric properties in the system water-sodium chloride-carbon dioxide were determined experimentally for pressures between about 1 to 6 kbar, temperatures of 300° to 800°C, and fluid compositions up to 40 wt% NaCl and 20 mol% carbon dioxide, both relative to water. This was accomplished by using the synthetic fluid inclusion technique in conjunction with conventional microthermometry, a hydrothermal diamond-anvil cell and Raman spectroscopy.
At constant salinity, the high-pressure portion of the solvus migrates to higher pressures and temperatures with increasing carbon dioxide concentration. Immiscibility is possible in this ternary system over almost the entire range of crustal P-T conditions at salinities equal to or in excess of 20 wt% NaCl and carbon dioxide concentrations between about 30 and 70 mol% carbon dioxide. The dP/dT slopes of lines of equal homogenization temperature decrease nonlinearly with increasing homogenization temperature; at constant homogenization temperature, these slopes become steeper (higher) along pseudobinaries with addition of carbon dioxide and particularly with addition of sodium chloride. Up to concentrations of 20 wt% NaCl and 20 mol% carbon dioxide, a sharp rise in the critical temperature was observed with increasing salinity at a fixed water/carbon dioxide ratio. The critical point shifts rapidly towards higher pressures with increasing carbon dioxide concentration. Addition of carbon dioxide to an aqueous 40 wt% NaCl solution results in a slight elevation of the halite dissolution temperature under vapor-saturated conditions.
A significant error can be associated with the calculation of molar volumes from measured densities of the carbonic phase of water-sodium chloride-carbon dioxide inclusions. To avoid such errors, phase diagrams were constructed based on the obtained lines of equal homogenization temperature for salinities between 6 and 40 wt% NaCl and carbon dioxide concentrations between 5 and 20 mol% relative to water. These diagrams are of direct applicability to the interpretation of natural fluid inclusions from a wide variety of geologic environments.
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