Title page for ETD etd-71998-13553


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Gallimore, Scott D. Jr.
Author's Email Address gldnboy@vt.edu
URN etd-71998-13553
Title Operation of a High-Pressure Uncooled Plasma Torch with Hydrocarbon Feedstocks
Degree Master of Science
Department Mechanical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Yates, Charlie L.
O'Brien, Walter F. Jr. Committee Chair
Schetz, Joseph A. Committee member
Keywords
  • Plasma
  • torch
  • hydrocarbons
  • combustion
  • supersonic
  • scramjet
  • ramjet
  • arc
  • ignitor
  • generator
Date of Defense 1998-07-30
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The main scope of this project was to determine if a plasma torch could operate on pure hydrocarbon feedstocks and, if so, to catalogue the torch operational characteristics. The future goal of the project is to design a plasma torch for supersonic combustion applications that operates off of the vehicle main fuel supply to simplify onboard fuel systems. Experiments were conducted with argon, methane, ethylene and propylene. Spectrographic tests and tests designed to catalogue current/voltage characteristics, plasma jet phenomena, arc stability dependencies, electrode erosion rate and torch body temperature were performed.

Spectrographic analysis of the plasma jet exhaust confirmed the presence of combustion-enhancing radicals for each hydrocarbon gas tested. Also, it was discovered that simple hydrocarbon gases, such as methane, produced smooth torch operation, while even slightly more complex gases, ethylene and propylene, caused unsteady performance. Plasma jet oscillation was found to be related to the voltage waveform of the power supplies, indicating that plasma jet length and oscillation rate could be controlled by changing the input voltage.

The plasma torch for this study was proven to have the capability of operating with pure hydrocarbon feedstocks and producing radicals that are known to reduce combustion reaction rate times. The torch was demonstrated to have potential for use in supersonic combustion applications.

Files
  Filename       Size       Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds) 
 
 28.8 Modem   56K Modem   ISDN (64 Kb)   ISDN (128 Kb)   Higher-speed Access 
  Atoc.pdf 20.76 Kb 00:00:05 00:00:02 00:00:02 00:00:01 < 00:00:01
  Sec1.pdf 22.64 Kb 00:00:06 00:00:03 00:00:02 00:00:01 < 00:00:01
  Sec10.pdf 94.20 Kb 00:00:26 00:00:13 00:00:11 00:00:05 < 00:00:01
  Sec11.pdf 10.74 Kb 00:00:02 00:00:01 00:00:01 < 00:00:01 < 00:00:01
  Sec12.pdf 147.83 Kb 00:00:41 00:00:21 00:00:18 00:00:09 < 00:00:01
  Sec13.pdf 422.33 Kb 00:01:57 00:01:00 00:00:52 00:00:26 00:00:02
  Sec14.pdf 198.70 Kb 00:00:55 00:00:28 00:00:24 00:00:12 00:00:01
  Sec15.pdf 165.20 Kb 00:00:45 00:00:23 00:00:20 00:00:10 < 00:00:01
  Sec16.pdf 706.09 Kb 00:03:16 00:01:40 00:01:28 00:00:44 00:00:03
  Sec17.pdf 11.67 Kb 00:00:03 00:00:01 00:00:01 < 00:00:01 < 00:00:01
  Sec18.pdf 168.85 Kb 00:00:46 00:00:24 00:00:21 00:00:10 < 00:00:01
  Sec2.pdf 197.42 Kb 00:00:54 00:00:28 00:00:24 00:00:12 00:00:01
  Sec3.pdf 72.01 Kb 00:00:20 00:00:10 00:00:09 00:00:04 < 00:00:01
  Sec4.pdf 1.06 Mb 00:04:53 00:02:31 00:02:12 00:01:06 00:00:05
  Sec5.pdf 331.26 Kb 00:01:32 00:00:47 00:00:41 00:00:20 00:00:01
  Sec6.pdf 62.47 Kb 00:00:17 00:00:08 00:00:07 00:00:03 < 00:00:01
  Sec7.pdf 268.11 Kb 00:01:14 00:00:38 00:00:33 00:00:16 00:00:01
  Sec8.pdf 57.50 Kb 00:00:15 00:00:08 00:00:07 00:00:03 < 00:00:01
  Sec9.pdf 23.21 Kb 00:00:06 00:00:03 00:00:02 00:00:01 < 00:00:01
  Title.pdf 4.46 Kb 00:00:01 < 00:00:01 < 00:00:01 < 00:00:01 < 00:00:01

Browse All Available ETDs by ( Author | Department )

dla home
etds imagebase journals news ereserve special collections
virgnia tech home contact dla university libraries

If you have questions or technical problems, please Contact DLA.