Title page for ETD etd-72898-16748


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Prebola, John L. Jr.
Author's Email Address jprebola@aoe.vt.edu
URN etd-72898-16748
Title Performance of a Plasma Torch With Hydrocarbon Feedstocks for Use in Scramjet Combustion
Degree Master of Science
Department Aerospace and Ocean Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Schetz, Joseph A. Committee Chair
O'Brien, Walter F. Jr. Committee Member
Yates, Charlie L. Committee Member
Keywords
  • plasma torch
  • hydrocarbon feedstocks
  • scramjet
  • scramjet combustion
Date of Defense 1998-07-30
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Research was conducted at Virginia Tech on a high-pressure uncooled plasma torch to study torch operational characteristics with hydrocarbon feedstocks and to determine the feasibility of using the torch as an igniter in scramjet applications. Operational characteristics studied included electrical properties, such as arc stability, voltage-current characteristics and start/re-start capabilities, and mechanical properties, such as coking, electrode erosion and transient to steady-state torch body temperature trends. Possible use of the plasma torch as an igniter in high-speed combustion environments was investigated through the use of emission spectroscopy and a NASA chemical kinetics code.

All feedstocks tested; argon, methane, ethylene and propylene, were able to start. The voltage data indicated that there were two preferred operating modes, which were well defined for methane. For all gases, a higher current setting, on the order of 40 A, led to more stable torch operation. A low intensity, high frequency current applied to the torch, along with the primary DC current, resulted in virtual elimination of soot deposits on the anodes. Electrode erosion was found to multiply each time the complexity of the hydrocarbon was increased. Audio and high-speed visual analysis led to identification of 180 Hz plasma formation cycle, related to the three-phase power supply. The spectroscopic analysis aided in the identification of combustion enhancing radicals being produced by the torch, and results of the chemical kinetics analysis verified combustion enhancement and radical production through the use of a basic plasma model. Overall, the results of this study indicate that the plasma torch is a promising source for scramjet ignition, and further study is warranted.

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