Title page for ETD etd-92698-142717


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Kittinaovarut, Siriwan
Author's Email Address siriwan@vt.edu
URN etd-92698-142717
Title Polymerization-Crosslinking Fabric Finishing, With Pad-Dry-Cure, Using Nonformaldehyde Btca/Ia/Aa Combinations to Impart durable Press Properties in Cotton Fabric.
Degree PhD
Department Near Environments
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Norton, Marjorie J. T. Committee Chair
Dietrich, Andrea M. Committee Member
Kincade, Doris H. Committee Member
McGilliard, Michael L. Committee Member
Shelton, K. R. Committee Member
Tanko, James M. Committee Member
Keywords
  • polymerization-crosslinking
  • wrinkling
  • nonformaldehyde
Date of Defense 1998-09-15
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This study examined the mechanical and durable press

properties of cotton 3/1 twill-woven fabrics finished with

various concentrations of reactants in the BTCA/IA/AA

combinations. The regression analysis was used to determine

the relationship among each finishing variable, BTCA, IA, and

AA concentrations, mole ratio of acid monomers to

the sodium hypophosphite monohydrate catalyst, and

curing times at 180°C, and the finished fabric's property

variable, breaking strength, tear strength, wrinkle recovery

angle whiteness index, and durable press rating. Based on

the results of the reduced regression equations and

range dispersion of mean values of finished fabric properties.

The results of the study indicated the some BTCA/IA/AA

combinations applied to cotton fabric provided good results

in wrinkle recovery angle, breaking strength, and tear

strength, comparable to those of the fabric finished with

either BTCA only or DMDHEU reactant. The combinations of

BTCA/IA/AA reactants did not provide as good whiteness index

and durable press rating as the BTCA or DMDHEU reactant.

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