|Title:||On-line Traffic Signalization using Robust Feedback Control|
|Degree:||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Committee Chair:||Dr. Joseph A. Ball|
|Committee Members:||Dr. Pushkin Kachroo|
|Dr. David L. Russell|
|Dr. James E. Thomson|
|Dr. Robert L. Wheeler|
|Keywords:||robust control, dissipative system, trafic signalization, intersection, hybrid system, Hamilton-Jacobi inequality, finite state machines, queueing network|
|Date of defense:||December 18,1997|
|Availability:||Release the entire work immediately worldwide.|
The traffic signal affects the life of virtually everyone every day. The effectiveness of signal systems can reduce the incidence
of delays, stops, fuel consumption, emission of pollutants, and accidents. The problems related to rapid growth in traffic
congestion call for more effective traffic signalization using robust feedback control methodology.
Online traffic-responsive signalization is based on real-time traffic conditions and selects cycle, split, phase, and offset for the intersection according to detector data. A robust traffic feedback control begins with assembling traffic demands, traffic facility supply, and feedback
control law for the existing traffic operating environment. This information serves the input to the traffic control process
which in turn provides an output in terms of the desired performance under varying conditions.
Traffic signalization belongs to a class of hybrid systems since the differential equations model the continuous behavior of the traffic flow dynamics and finite-state machines model the discrete state changes of the controller. A complicating aspect, due to the state-space
constraint that queue lengths are necessarily nonnegative, is that the continuous-time system dynamics is actually the
projection of a smooth system of ordinary differential equations. This also leads to discontinuities in the boundary dynamics
of a sort common in queueing problems.
The project is concerned with the design of a feedback controller to minimize accumulated queue lengths in the presence of unknown inflow disturbances at an isolated intersection and a traffic network with some signalized intersections. A dynamical system has finite L2-gain if it is dissipative in some sense. Therefore, the robust-control problem turns to designing a controller such that the resulting closed loop system is dissipative, and correspondingly there exists a storage function.
The major contributions of this thesis include 1) to propose state space models for both isolated multi-phase intersections and a class of queueing networks; 2) to formulate robust problems for the control systems with persistent disturbances; 3) to present the projection dynamics aspects of the problem to account for the constraints on the state variables; 4) formally to study this problem as a hybrid system; 5) to derive traffic-actuated feedback control laws for the multi-phase intersections. Though we have mathematically presented a robust feedback solution for the traffic signalization, there still remains some distance before the physical implementation. A robust adaptive control is an interesting research area for the future traffic signalization.
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