Scholarly Communications Project


<ETD> Submission Form - Cataloger

Name:
Lori A. Smith

Email address:
losmith4@vt.edu

Title:
The Effect of Inbreeding on Lifetime Performance of Dairy Cattle

Date of defense:
January 27, 1997

Document Type:
Master's Thesis

Degree:
Master of Science

Department:
Dairy Science


Abstract


Data for this study were age-adjusted linear scores on all cows scored between 1980 and 1993. Lifetime production information on these cows and their herdmates was used to calculate Relative Net Income adjusted for opportunity cost (RNIOC) for the 2,249,835 cows with an 84 month herdlife opportunity. The effect of inbreeding was analyzed using both a fixed and animal model, with little difference in results. Inbreeding depressed RNIOC by $12.69 in a fluid market and $11.53 in a manufacturing market per 1% increase in inbreeding. Addition of somatic cell information in the profit function had little effect. Heritabilities of profit functions were .16 and .14 for a fluid and manufacturing market, respectively. Animal model estimates of inbreeding depression were +.16 days, -6.7 days and -5.1 days for age at first freshening (AFF), days of productive life (DPL) and days in milk (TDIM), respectively. Inbreeding decreased first lactation mature equivalent milk, fat, and protein by 23.7 kg, .85 kg, and .76 kg, respectively and lifetime milk, fat, and protein production by 176.9 kg, 6.4 kg, 5.6 kg, respectively per 1% increase in inbreeding. Inbreeding had little effect on conformation traits. Effects of inbreeding were cumulative, exacting a larger effect on lifetime profit functions than on individual traits, when expressed as a percent of additive standard deviation. This study gives evidence that though not alarming, inbreeding has a deleterious effect on the lifetime performance of dairy cattle.

Keywords:
inbreeding, relative net income, opportunity cost

Availability:
In 3 months.

Public URL:
http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/public/etd-175711241971540/etd-title.html


List of attached files

File NameSize (Bytes)
etd.pdf181,924 Bytes


Date item approved:
02/25/97

Fees:
Archiving fee received.



[ETD main page] [Search ETDs][etd.vt.edu] [SCP home page] [library home page]

Send Suggestions or Comments to webmaster@scholar.lib.vt.edu