Scholarly
    Communications Project


Document Type:Dissertation
Name:Laurie Birch Buchanan
Email address:lobirch@aol.com
URN:1998/00361
Title:THE IMPACT OF BIG FIVE PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS ON GROUP COHESION AND CREATIVE TASK PERFORMANCE
Degree:Doctor of Philosophy
Department:Psychology
Committee Chair: Roseanne Foti
Chair's email:rfoti@vt.edu
Committee Members:Sigrid Gustafson
Neil Hauenstein
Joseph Sgro
Kusum Singh
Keywords:team performance, personality, group cohesion
Date of defense:February 23, 1998
Availability:Release the entire work immediately worldwide.

Abstract:

One of the most prominent trends in organizations today is the use of teams to accomplish the work once assigned to individuals. Team composition variables, including the personality characteristics of team members, need to be carefully considered so that the transition of work from individuals to teams results in performance improvements. The types of tasks relegated to teams also affect performance, and it is equally important that group tasks are clearly defined. As such, the current study explores the impact of Big Five personality patterns on both group cohesiveness and group performance on creative, brainstorming tasks. At the group level, it was predicted that teams with personality patterns consisting of moderate levels of Extraversion, high levels of Openness to Experience, and high levels of Conscientiousness (Optimal pattern) would perform significantly better on an innovative task than teams with personality patterns that varied from this pattern. It was also hypothesized that group cohesiveness would mediate this relationship. Of the 65 three-person groups, it was found that those possessing the Optimal pattern outperformed groups with three different patterns in terms of the quantity of creative ideas generated and average level of creativity. However, groups with the Optimal pattern generated more superior ideas than only one of the other pattern conditions, and contrary to predictions, did not generate a significantly higher percentage of superior ideas than any of the other pattern conditions. It was also found that group cohesion did not mediate the relationship between group-level personality and creative task performance. The implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

List of Attached Files

etd.pdf


The author grants to Virginia Tech or its agents the right to archive and display their thesis or dissertation in whole or in part in the University Libraries in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. The author retains all proprietary rights, such as patent rights. The author also retains the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis or dissertation.