Joseph Charles Servaites
Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of
MASTER OF SCIENCE
Dr. Larry D. Mitchell, Chair
Dr. Clint L. Dancey
Dr. Reginald G. Mitchiner
The purpose of this research is to analyze the statics and dynamics of steel smoke stacks subject to excitation by aerodynamic forces. The wind loads experienced by smoke stacks arise from various phenomenon, the most prominent of which are static drag load, vortex shedding, and atmospheric turbulence. The nature of these loading sources around a cylinder are studied in detail. Both static and dynamic loads are capable of producing large tip deflections, and are of the most prominent design criteria for stack designers. A computer program, STACK1, has been created by modifying an existing analysis code, BEAM8, to be used specifically for stack analysis. This analysis code utilizes the transfer matrix method to perform detailed bending and vibration analyses. This new software has been developed to check stack designs for compliance with appropriate steel stack standards, and provide the designer with information regarding the static and dynamic response of the structure. A detailed analysis is performed to demonstrate the validity of approximating a tapered Timoshenko beam with a series of continuous, constant cross-section beams.
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