Names Of Plants: Sense and Sound - Part Three
Theo Smid, Hayward, California
"Names of Plants: Sense and Sound - Part Three" continues with a listing of rhododendron species and other ericaceous genera beginning with C and D. Part One was found in the
, Vol. 42:1, Winter 1988; Part Two in
, Vol. 42:2, Spring 1988. The series will continue in future issues.
An explanation of the system of accents used and botanical notation is found in Part Two. Briefly, the grave accent indicates a long stressed syllable, the acute accent a short stressed syllable.
The plant name is followed by the name (usually abbreviated) of the author of the earliest valid citation. The meaning of the name and information about plant explorers and/or plant namesakes follows.
G. = Greek
L. = Latin
r. = rhododendron
Rhododendron Species C
R. casium Hutch (Lat. bluish-gray)
R. caespitsum Wernh. (Lat. tufted)
R. calendulceum (Michaux) Torrey (of the color of Calendula ) Flame Azalea; first mentioned by Cadwallader Colden, 1799; in Cherokee: Sky-Paint Flower
R. callimrphum Balf.f. & W.W. Sm. (G. kallos beautiful + morphos shape) Ch. "ovate-leaved r."
var. myigrum (Balf.f. & Forr.) Chamb. (G. muiagros fly-catcher, i.e. sticky pedicels)
R. calophỳtum Franch. (G. kallos beautiful + phuton plant) Ch. "beautiful-face r."
var. openshawinum (Rehd. & Wils.) Chamb. (of Rev. Harry Openshaw of Yachou Fu, near Chengtu; fu = village)
R. calosnthes Sleumer (G. beautiful + anthos flowers)
R. calostrtum Balf.f. & Ward (G. beautiful + strotos spread, covered) Ch. "beautiful-covering r."
ssp. kelticum (Balf.f. & Forr.) Cullen (G. keletikos charming)
Rdicans Group (L. rooting)
ssp. riprium (Ward) Cullen (L. at a river-bank)
var. ripariodes (Cullen) R.C. Fang (resembling R. rparium ) Ch. "Xuelong beautifully-clad r."
R. calvscens Balf.f. & Forr. (L. becoming bald, i.e. thin, detersile indumentum below)
var. dusematum (Balf.f. & Forr.) Chamb. (G. duseimatos meanly-clad)
R. camelliiflrum Hook. f. (with flowers like Camellia )
R. campanultum D. Don (L. bell-shaped) Ch. "bell-flowered r."
ssp. aeruginsum (Hook f.) Chamb. (L. very rusty, i.e. colored)
R. campylocrpum Hook. f. (G. kampulos bent, curved + karpos fruit) Ch. "curved-fruit r."
Eltum Group (L. elevated, tall)
ssp. caloxnthum (Balf.f. & Farrer) Chamb. (G. kallos beautiful + xanthos yellow)
Telpeum Group (G. telopos seen from afar, i.e. conspicuous)
R. campylogỳnum Franch. (G. kampulos bent + gune ovary) Ch. "bent-style r."
Clsum Group (L. elevated)
Charopoum Group (G. charopos causing joy)
Cremstum Group (G. kremastos hanging)
Myrtilloides Group (resembling Myrtle)
R. camtschticum Pallas (of the Kamchatka Peninsula)
R. canadnse (L.) Torrey (of Canada) Rhodora; described by Linnaeus in 1762 as Rhodora canadense ; introduced to Eng. in 1767 by Sir Joseph Banks
R. canscens (Michaux) Sweet (L. hoary) Piedmont or Florida Pinxter Azalea. Pinxter or Pinkster is derived from the Greek for Pentecost; discovered by Mark Catesby c. 1730
var. cndidum Small (L. white); may be only a form
R. capllae Kores (of Mt. Capella, New Guinea)
R. capittum Maxim. (L. headed, i.e. with flowers in a head) Ch. "head-flower r."
R. crneum Hutch. (L. like flesh, i.e. in color) Ch. "flesh-colored r."
R. crrii Sleumer (of Cedric E. Carr of NZ., 1892-1936, who collected orchids in s.e. Asia, Borneo, New Guinea)
R. carringtniae F. V. Mueller (of Lady Carrington, wife of the British representative in New Guinea)
R. carstennse Wernh. (of Mt. Carstensz, w. cent. New Guinea, at 16,400 ft. the highest peak on any island)
R. catacsmum Balf.f. ex Tagg (G. katakosmein to adorn)
R. catawbinse Michx. (of the Catawba R., S.C., from Choctaw katapa), intr. 1809
R. caucskum Pallas (of the Caucasus), intr. 1803
R. celbicum (Blume) de Candolle (of Celebes, now Suwalesi, Indonesia)
R. cephalnthum Franch. (G. kephale the head + anthos flower) Ch. "hairy-throated r."
ssp. platyphllum (Franch. ex Balf.f. & Smith) Cullen (G. platos broad + phullon leaf) Ch. "broad-leaved r."
Crebreflrum Group (L. crowded flower)
R. cerasnum Tagg (L. cherry-colored) When he found it Kingdon Ward called it "coals-of-fire." Ch. "cherry r."
R. crnuum Sleumer (L. nodding)
R. chamapitys Sleumer (G. on the ground + pitus pine-tree)
R. chamaethomsnii (Tagg & Forr.) Cowan & Davidian (G. on the ground + R. thomsonii )
var. chamaedron (Tagg & Forr.) Chamb. (G. on the ground + doron gift)
var. chamaethama (Tagg) Cowan & Davidian (G. on the ground + thauma a wonder)
R. champonae Hook, (of the wife of the discoverer, Lt.-Col. John G. Champion, 1815-1854, who collected in Ceylon, Hong Kong) Ch. "bristly r." Championia Gardner
R. chartopes (ka-) Balf.f. & Farr. (G. lit. graceful of aspect) Ch. "pretty-face r."
ssp. tsangponse (Ward) Cullen (of the Tsangpo R., so. Tibet) Curvistlum Group (L. curved style)
R. chihsininum (gee-sheen-) Chun & Fang (of Chiehsien, Guangxi Prov.) Ch. "Longsheng r."
R. chlrops Cowan (G. lit. green eye, i.e. greenish base of the flower) uncertain species
R. christanae Sleumer (of the mother of Rev. N.E.G. Cruttwell; see R. cruttwellii )
R. chrstii Foerster (of Konrad H. Christ, 1833-1933, famous fern-specialist in Basel, Switz.)
R. chrseum Balf.f. & Ward (G. & L. golden-yellow) Ch. "golden r."
R. chrysoclyx Le'veille' et Ventenat (G. chrusos gold + calyx) Ch. "golden-calyx azalea"
R. chrysodron Tagg ex Hutch. (G. gold + doron gift; a double entendre: color of flower and gift to Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh by the Earl of Stair) Ch. "pure-yellow r."
R. chryslepis Hutch. & Ward (G. gold + lepis scale)
R. chuninii (In Mandarin initial ch, r, sh and zh are pronounced with the tip of the tongue curled back and pressed against the roof of the mouth.) Chun & Fang, (of Ho Chunnien, professor of South China Botanical Institute; information from Kunming Institute of Botany) Ch. "golden-scale r." The attributions of this species and several others were supplied by the Kunming Institute of Botany, The Academy of Sciences of China.
R. chnii Chun & Fang (of Chun Woon-young, b. 1894, professor & director of South China Botanical Institute) Ch. "persistent-style r." (Azalea)
R. cilitum Hook. f. (L. fringed with hairs) Ch. "eyelash r."
R. ciliiclyx Franch. (L. with a fringed calyx) Ch. "ciliate calyx r."
R. ciliilbum Sleumer (L. & G. fringed lobe)
R. cilipes Hutch. (L. fringed foot, i.e. pedicel)
R. cinchoniflrum (sin-ko-) Sleumer (Cinchona-flower, i.e. Quinine)
R. cinerscens Sleumer (L. becoming ash-colored)
R. cinnabarnum Hook. f. (L. cinnabar-red) Ch. "Cinnabar r."
ssp. tamanse (Davidian) Cullen (of Tama Bum, no. Burma)
ssp. xanthocdon (Hutch.) Cullen (G. xanthos yellow + kodon bell)
Conctenans Group (L chained together)
Pllidum Group (L. pale)
Purpure'llum Group (L. a little purple)
Rolei Group (of John F. Royle, 1798-1858, M.D. Munich, surgeon E. India Co., Bengal; curator, Saharunpur Garden; professor of Materia Medica, King's Coll., London; sec'y Horticultural Society of London) Roylea Wall.
R. circinntum Cowan & Ward (L. forming a circle, i.e. flexible branches)
R. citriniflrum Balf.f. & Forr. (L. with lemon-yellow flowers)
var. horaum (Balf.f. & Forr.) Chamb. (L. seasonal) Ch. "gorgeous r."
R. citrnum Haask. (L. of citron, i.e. color)
R. clementnae Forr. (ofClementine,wife of George Forrest) Ch. "pock-marked r."
R. codonnthum Balf.f. & Forr. (G. kodon bell + anthos flower)
R. colicum Balf.f. & Farrer (L. heavenly)
R. coelonerum Diels (L. engraved vein) Ch. "pocked-leaf r."
R. coelrum Wernh. (L. of the heavens)
R. collettinum Aitch (of Sir Henry Collett, 1836-1901, Col., Bengal Army; on retirement worked at Kew on his Flora Simlensis , 1902; collected in Afghanistan, Algeria, Burma, Canary Islands, Corsica, India, Java, Spain; plants at Kew); Neocollettia Hemsley.
R. comsteum Balf.f. (G. komisteos to be protected)
R. cmmonae Foerster (of the author's wife)
R. commutattum Sleumer (L. changed)
R. comparbile Sleumer (L. worthy of comparison)
R. complxum Balf.f. &VV.W. Sm. (L. interwoven)
R. cmptum C.H.Wright (L. adorned)
R. concinnodes Ward, (similar to R. concinnum )
R. concnnum Hemsl. (L. neat) Ch. "elegant r."
R. coriceum Franch. (L. leathery) Ch. "leather-leaf r."
R. crnu-bvis Sleumer ("after the top of Mt. Nok = Dutch Buffelhoorn , i.e. a horn of a buffel, on Waigeo Island," Sleumer); off the n.w. coast of New Guinea
R. correodes J.J. Smith (resembling Correa , Australian shrubs and trees, Rutaceae )
R. corynum Tagg & Forr. (of Reginald Cory, 1871-1934, who collected plants in S. Africa,West Indies, Atlas Mts.; financed expeditions to China; benefactor of Cambridge Botanic Garden and library of the Royal Horticultural Society)
R. cryi Shinners (azalea collected by V.L. Cory in Tyler Co., Tex., in 1950); it may be a variety of R. viscosum .
R. cowaninum Davidian (of John Macqueen Cowan, 1892-1960, supt. Royal Botanic Garden Calcutta; collected in Sikkim, Bengal, Burma, Iran; authority on taxonomy of Rhododendron; Rhododendron Leaf , 1950, and others)
R. crassiflium Stapf (L. thick leaf)
R. crenultum Hutch, ex Sleumer (Neo L. dim. of crena notch)
R. cringerum Franch. (L. hair-bearing) Ch. "long-coarse-hair r."
var. euadnium Tagg & Forr. (G. eu- good + aden gland)
R. cruffwllii Sleumer (of Rev. Norman E.G. Cruttwell, MA. Oxon., missionary and plant-collector in New Guinea)
R. cryptophllum Wernh. (G. kruptos hidden + phullon leaf)
R. cuffenum Craib ex Hutch, (of Lady Wheeler Cuffe, who discovered it in Burma)
R. culmincolum F. v. Mueller (L. summit-dwelling)
R. cunetum W.W. Sm. (L. wedge-shaped, i.e. leaves)
R. curvifrum J.J. Sm. (L. curved-flower)
R. cuspidllum Sleumer (L. with a small point)
R. cyanocrpum (Franch.)W.W. Sm. (G. cuanos a dark-blue substance, blue forget-me-not, Pliny, 21, 47, + karpos fruit) Ch. "blue-fruited r."
R. cyathecolum Sleumer (G. kuathos a cup, the hollow of the hand + L. dwelling)
R. cyrtophllum Wernh. (G. kurtos curved + phullon leaf)
Rhododendron Species D
R. dalhosiae Hook.f. (of Christina Ramsay, Countess of Dalhousie, Edin. 1786-1839, wife of the 9th Earl of Dalhousie, Commander-in-chief, East Indies; she collected in Penang and Nova Scotia) Dalhousie, a place in Himachal Pradesh, N. India; Dalhousiea Graham
var. rhabdtum (Balf.f. & Cooper) Cullen (G. rhabdos a rod, i.e. allusion to the conspicuous red stripes)
R. dasycladodes Handel-Mazzetti (see R. selense ssp. dasycladum )
R. daricum L. (of the Daurs of Dahuria on the Lena R.) cult. 1780 Ch. "Xing 'an r."
Semprvirens Group (L. evergreen)
R. davdii Franch. (of Pre Jean-P. Armand David, Fr. Lazarist missionary in China; discovered 58 birds, c. 100 insects and several mammals, including the giant panda and the Pre David deer. The latter became extinct in China, but the Dukes of Devonshire developed a herd at Woburn Abbey and in 1985 sent some to a new park in China. The first Davidia involucrata in 1869. Pre David sent c. 3,000 spp. of plants to France from China.) Ch. "glandular-fruit r."
R. davidsoninum Rehd. &Wils. (of Dr. W.H. Davidson of the Friends Mission in China) intr. 1903 Ch. "concave-leaf r."
R. decrum Franch. (L. ornamental) intr. 1904 Ch. "great-white r."
R. degroninum Carrire (of M. Degron, Dir. of French Posts, Yokohama, 1869)
ssp. heptmerum (Maxim.) Hara (G. hepta seven + meros part)
var. hondonse (Nakai) Hara (of Hondo, e.cent. Kyushu Isl., Japan)
var. kyomarunse (Yamazaki) Hara (of Kyomaru, Hiroshima Prefecture)
f. amaginum Hara (of Mt. Amagi, Japan)
ssp. pentmerum (Maxim.) Hara (G. penta five + part); formerly R. metternichii . This species has been in taxonomic flux. See Hiroshi Hara, Journal of Japanese Botany , Vol. 61 #8, Aug. 1986 245-47, and D.F. Chamberlain & Frank Doleshy, Vol. 62 #8, Aug. 1987 225-42.
R. dekatnum Cowan (of Dekata, s.e. Tibet)
R. delictulum Sleumer (L. a little delicate)
R. dendrcola Hutch. (G. dendron tree + L. dweller)
Taronnse Group (of the Taron Gorge, Yunnan)
R. dendrcharis Franch. (G. tree + charis grace) Franchet noted that it grew ad truncos putridos , at rotted trunks; cf. R. petrocharis ) Ch. "tree-growing r."
R. denudtum Lvl. (L. bare, stripped)
R. detrsile Franch. (L. clean, from detergere to wash)
R. detznerinum Sleum. (of H. Detzner, in 1914 with the Kaiser Wilhelm Land Boundary Commission in New Guinea)
R. dianthsmum Sleum. (carnation-scented)
R. diaprpes Balf.f. & W.W. Sm. (G. lit. distinguished) Ch. "noble r."
R. dichronthum Diels (G. di- two, chro- color, anthos flower) Ch. "bicolored r."
ssp. apodctum (Balf.f. &W.W. Sm.) Cowan (G. lit. acceptable) Ch. "gratifying r."
ssp. scyphoclyx (Balf.f. & Forr.) Cowan (G. skuphos a cup + calyx)
ssp. septentrionle Cowan (L. northern)
R. dielsinum Schlechter (of Friedrich L.E. Diels, 1874-1945, Ger. botanist)
R. dignbile Cowan (L. amiable)
R. dilattum D. Don apud G. Don (L. spread out, i.e. flowers) apud here = with.
R. dimiditum Balf.f. (L. divided in two)
R. dimtrium Balf.f. & Forr. (G. di- two + mtra band, headband, i.e. calyx)
R. diphroclyx Balf.f. (G. diphros bearing two + calyx, i.e. a wide, flat calyx)
R. disterigmodes Sleumer (resembling Disterigma , i.e. the leaves)
R. dumcola Tagg. & Forr. (L. thicket-dweller)
R. durioniflium Beccari (foliage of Durio zibethinus, Durian, a large tree in w. Malay Archipelago)
Other Ericaceous Genera C
Callna Salisbury (G. kallunein to brush or sweep, i.e. for brooms made from its twigs) 1 sp. Eur., Asia Minor, naturalized in N. Amer. Ling, Scottish Heather (ME hadder , Norse heithr )
C. vulgris Hull (L. common) Fr. Bruyre, Ger. Besenheide , It. Brntoli, Grecchia, Sp. Brezo ; many cvs.
C. hypnodes (L.) D. Don (resembling Hypnum , a moss) intr. 1798
C. lycopodiodes (Pallas) D. Don (resembling Lycopodum , Club Moss), cult. 1933
C. mertensina (von Bongard) G. Don (of Franz K. Mertens, 1754-1831, Ger. botanist), White Heather; Cal. mts. no. to Alaska, Mont. John Muir often referred to it as his favorite flower.
C. selaginodes Hook. f. & T. Thomson (resembling Selaginella , Little Club Moss or Spike M.) intr. 1820
C. tetragna (L.) D. Don (G. tetra four + gonu knee, i.e. four-angled)
Cassope D. Don (The name was chosen by David Don because Linnaeus had previously named the related Bog-Rosemary after her daughter Andromeda. Cassiope boasted that she was fairer than the Nereids. At their request Neptune sent a monster to ravage the country. His wrath could be appeased only by exposing Andromeda.) 12 spp. circumboreal, Himal., Eur.
C. fastigita (Wall.) D. Don (L. branches erect and close together) intr. c. 1819
Cavendshia Lindley (named for William G. Spencer, 6th Duke of Devonshire, 1790-1858; president, Horticultural Society of London, 1838-58; Chatsworth Gardens) c. 100 spp. trop. Amer. A few forms are cultivated as ornamentals.
Chamaedphne Moench (G. chamai on the ground + daphne laurel) 1 sp. no. temp, circumpolar
C. calyculta (L.) Moench (G. & L. calyx-like), Leatherleaf, Cassandra, cult. 1748
var. angustiflia (Ait.) Rehd. (L. narrow-leaf) Canada & U.S.
var. latiflia (Ait.) Fernald (L. broad-leaf) Canada
Other Ericaceous Genera D
Dabocia D. Don (named for St. Dabeoc [different spelling], an early Irish saint) 2 spp. Ireland to Sp. & Azores. St. Dabeoc's Health, Irish Heath
D. azrica Tutin & E.F.Warburg (of the Azores)
D. cantbrica (Huds.) C. Koch (of Cantabria, ancient name of western Pyrenees) cult. 1800 many varieties, natural and cultivated
Dimorphnthera (Drude) F. v. Mueller ex J.J. Sm. (G. di-, morph- form, + anther) 67 spp. Mai. esp. New Guinea.
D. kempteriana (Woods 2101), an evergreen liana with an effect similar to that of Bougainvillea , was introduced to Britain in 1968.
D. amblyornidis var. moorhousiana is similar. Rev. Cruttwell has called these plants the most beautiful of the Rhododendron relatives.
Distergma (Klotzch) Niedenzu (G. di- two + sterigmos a setting firmly) c. 25 spp. trop. Andes