Names Of Plants: Part Eight
Rhododendron Species T
R. tagginum Hutch, (of Harry F. Tagg, c.1873-1933, keeper of museum, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh; contributor to Species of Rhododendron , 1930) Ch. "white trumpet r."
R. taiwanalpnum Ohwi (of alpine [northern] Taiwan) Azalea.
R. talinse Franch. (of the Tali Range, Yunnan) Ch. "Dali r."
R. tamurae (no stress) Masamune (of Kageyoshi Tamura, a horticulturist of Tokyo) Dwarf Indica Azalea. Marubasatsuki .
R. tanastylum Balf.f. & Ward (G. tanaos stretched + style)
var. pennivnium (Balf. f. & Forr.) Chamb. (L. feathered vein)
R. tashiroi (no stress) Maxim, (of Tashiro, a Japanese botanist) Sakura Tsutsuji ; intr. by USDA in 1955.
R. tatsiennse Franch. (of Tatsienlu, now Kangding, Sichuan) Ch. "stiff leaved r."
var. nudtum R.C. Fang (L. denuded)
R. taxiflium Merr. (Taxus/Yew-leaf)
R. taxodes J.J. Sm. (like Taxus)
R. telmateum Balf.f. & W.W. Sm. (G. telma standing water, a place of)
R. temnium Balf.f. & Forr. (G. temenos a sacred precinct around a temple, i.e. near Doker La, Tsarong, e. Tibet)
var. dealbtum (Cowan) Chamb. (L. whitening)
var. glvum (Cowan) Chamb. (L. pale yellow)
Chrysnthum Group (G. golden-yellow + flower) Ch. "oxhidetea."
R. tnue Ching (L. slender) Ch. Slender Azalea.
R. tephropplum Balf.f. & Farr. (G. tephra ashes + peplos covering, i.e. blackish scales below) Ch. "gray clad r."
R. thaumasinthum Sleum. (G. thauma a wonder + flower)
R. thayernum Rehd. & Wils. (of a family descended from Thomas Thayer, who settled in Braintree, Mass., before 1647, especially Nathaniel Thayer, 1808-1883, who financed Agassiz's expedition to Brazil in 1865 and established the herbarium at Harvard) Ch. "reversed margin r."
R. thomsnii Hook.f. (of Thomas Thomson, 18171878, M.D. Glasgow; surgeon, Bengal Army; with J.D. Hooker in the Himalayan expedition of 1849; supt. Botanic Garden, Calcutta, 1854-61; collected in Kashmir; Western Himalaya and Tibet; a Narrative of a Journey, 1847, 1852)
ssp. lopsanginum (song) (Cowan) Chamb. (of the Dalai Lama, Nga Wang Lopsang Tup Den Gyatso) provisional name.
R. thymiflium Maxim, (leaf of thyme) Ch. "thousand-li-fragrance r."
R. tosanse Makino (of Tosa, Japan) Tosa Azalea, Fuji Tsutsuji .
R. txopei J.J. Sm. (of the Dutch geneticist H.T. Toxopeus, who collected in the Moluccas)
R. traillinum Forr. & W.W. Sm. (of George W. Traill, 1836-1897, botanist and father in law of George Forrest; studied algae in Scotland; Trailliella Batters) Ch. "Sichuan-Yunnan r."
var. dictotum (Tagg) Chamb. (G. diktuon a network)
R. tricnthum Rehd. (C. trichos of hair + flower) intr. 1904.
R. trichcladum Franch. (G. hairy klados shoot) Ch. "coarse-haired r."
Lophogynum Croup (G. lophos crest of a helmet + ovary)
R. trichstomum Franch. (G. hairy stoma + mouth) Ch. "hairy mouthed r."
Ledodes Group (resembling Ledum ) Ch. "tubular flower r."
Rdinum Group (G. lit. slender)
R. triflrum Hook.f. (L. three flowered) Ch. "three flowered r."
var. bauhiniiflrum (Watt ex Hutch.) Cullen (Bauhinia-flower) Manipur.
ssp. multiflrum R.C. Fang (L. many flowered)
Mahgani Group (brown blotch and spots)
R. trilectrum Cowan (L. of three readers, i.e. resembling two other species?)
R. trimphans Yersin & Chevalier (L. winning honors)
R. trunccolum Sleum. (trunk-dweller)
R. tsii (-ah-) Fang (of Prof. Tsai Hsetao, b. 1911, director of Yunnan Institute of Tropical Botany; vice-dir. of Kunming Institute of Botany; collected in Yunnan)
R. tsarinse Cowan (of Tsari Chu, s. e. Xizang, i.e. Tibet)
R. tschonoskii (no stress) Maxim, (of Tschonoski, a Japanese collector) Tschonoski Azalea, Kume Tsutsuji ; intr. Eng., 1878, U.S., 1892.
R. tsii Merr. (of Tso Ching Iieh, member of the staff of the Institute of Agriculture, Forestry and Botany, Sun Yatsen University, Guangdong) Ch. "two Guang r." i.e. of Guangdong and Guangxi provinces; guang means "long."
R. tba Sleum. (L. trumpet, a noun in apposition), possibly a hybrid.
R. tuberculferum J.J. Sm. (L. nodule-bearing)
R. ttcherae Hemsl. & Wils. (of the wife of W.J. Tutcher of Hong Kong, who gave assistance to the authors)
var. gymnocrpum A.L. Chang (G. gumnos naked + karpos fruit) Ch. "distant fragrance tree."
Rhododendron Species U
R. ltimum Wernh. (L. the last, i.e. in the area)
R. ungrnii Trautv. (of Baron F. von Ungern-Sternberg, 1800-1868, prof. at Dorpat, now Tartu, Estonia) intr. 1886.
R. uniflrum Ward (L. one flower) Ch. "solitary-flower r."
var. impertor (Ward) Cullen (L. emperor)
R. uvariiflium Diels (leaf of Uvaria , climbing shrubs of the Philippines) Ch. "Uvaria r."
Rhododendron Species V
R. vacciniodes Hook. f. (resembling Vaccinium ) Ch. "Vaccinium r."
R. valentininum Forr. ex Hutch, (of Pre S.P. Valentin, French Foreign Missions, Tsedjong, Yunnan)
var. oblongilobtum R.C. Fang (L. oblong-lobed, i.e. corolla) Ch. "south-Yunnan hairy stalked r."
R. vanderbiltinum Merr. (of George Vanderbilt, who financed an expedition to Sumatra in the 1930s)
R. vandeursnii Sleum. (of H.M. Vandeursen, Amer. zoologist, assistant curator of the Archbold Expedition to New Guinea)
R. vanvuurnii J.J. Sm. (of L. van Vuuren, a soldier in the former Dutch Indian Army, who collected in Celebes, now Sulawesi)
R. variolsum Beccari (L. much-varied, i.e. in color)
R. vseyi A. Gray (of George S. Vasey, 1822-1893, who discovered it in No. Car. in 1878) Pinkshell Azalea. Vasey came to the U.S. with his parents from Yorkshire; practiced medicine in Illinois, 1848-66; botanist in charge of U.S. Nat'l Herbarium, 1872-93; botanized in the Rocky Mountains. Vaseya Thurb. Vaseyochloa Hitchcock.
R. veitchinum Hook, (of the Veitch family of nurserymen, of whom the following are representative: John, 1752-1839, who founded a nursery in 1808; James, 1792-1863; James, 1815-1869, in whose honor the VMM was instituted; Robert T., 1823-1885; John Gould, 1839-1870, who collected in the Pacific; Peter Christian Massyn, 1850-1929, who collected in Fiji, Australia, N.Z., New Guinea and Borneo, Sir Harry James, 1840-1924, hybridizer of orchids... Anna Mildred Langley, 1889-1949, daughter of P.C. Massyn, managing dir. of the firm.)
Cubittii Group (of George E. S. Cubitt, c. 1875-1966, Asst Inspector General of India, Conservator of Forests, Malay Peninsula)
R. vnator Tagg (L. hunter, i.e. scarlet color of the jacket)
R. vensum Nutt. (L. much veined)
R. vernicsum Franch. (L. varnished, i.e. lvs. glabrous above & beneath) Ch. "glossy leaved r."
R. verstegii J.J. Sm. (of G.M. Versteeg, who contributed one of first specimens from New Guinea)
R. verticilltum Low ex Lindl. (L. whorled)
R. vesiculferum Tagg (L. bearing vesicles, i.e. small bladder-like hairs)
R. vilii Delavay & Franch. (of Pre Paul Vial, Fr. For. Missions, Yunnan) Ch. "red horse silver flower."
R. vidlii Rolfe (for a Capt. Vidal, Brit. Royal Navy, fl. 1840s, who discovered Campanula vidalii in the Azores)
R. villsulum J.J. Sm. (L. very downy) Ch. "longhaired r."
R. vincolor Sleum. (L. wine-colored)
R. vnkii Sleum. ("after my colleague W. Vink with whom I explored the Arfak Mts., Vogel Peninsula, New Guinea, by helicopter in 1962")
Vireya , a section of the genus. Karl Ludwig von Blume (Braunschweig 1796 Leiden 1862), director of the botanic garden at Batavia, director of the Rijksherbarium, Leiden, and writer on the flora of Java, described the second known species, R. album , in Cat. Gew. Buitz. , 1823, and subsequently numerous others. As a group he named them for his friend, Jules Joseph Virey (1776-1847). After serving as a physician in a military hospital and as chief pharmacist in Val de Grace, Virey went to Paris. While defending his doctoral thesis in natural history he attacked the then popular theories of Lamarck, who maintained that new species develop through the efforts of organisms to adapt themselves to new conditions, i.e. the inheritability of acquired characteristics. Although he was supported by several members of the Chamber of Deputies, Virey was denied the chair of Natural History. Among his works were: Histoire du genre humain , 8 vols., Paris, 1817; Trait de pharmacie thoretique et pratique , Paris, 1833. In Pierre Larousse, Grand Dictionnaire Universel du XIX Sicle , Paris, 1868, virye [sic] is defined as alloplecte, entrelac genre de plantes de la famille des genriaces, tribu des piscies. George Don (1798-1856) segregated both Vireya and Hymenanthes in his General System of Dichlamydeous Plants , 1834. [These are plants with a double floral envelope.]
R. virgtum Hook. f. (L. with little, narrow branches) Ch. "willow branch r."
ssp. oleiflium (Franch.) Cullen (L. olive-leaf)
var. glabriflrum K.M. Feng (L. smooth flower) Ch. "few haired willow branch r."
R. viscidiflium Davidian (L. sticky leaf)
R. viscsum (L.) Torrey (L. gluey) Swamp Azalea, the first American azalea grown in England, by Bishop Henry Compton of London in 1680 from seed sent by Rev. John Banister, 1650-1692, English missionary naturalist who was accidentally shot to death by a game hunter while he himself was hunting plants.
R. vitis-idaa Sleum. (L. vine of Mt. Ida) This is a wooded eminence near Troy with a view of the Hellespont on which some of the Olympic divinities dwelled during the Trojan War. On it Paris chose Aphrodite as the fairest of the three goddesses and from it Zeus, as a giant eagle, snatched the handsome boy Ganymede and made him cup bearer on Mt. Olympus.
Other Ericaceous Genera T
Tripetalea Siebold & Zuccarini (G. three + petalon leaf) 2 spp. Japan.
T. bracteta Maxim. (L. bearing bracts, i.e. subtended)
T. paniculta Sieb. & Zucc. (L. irregularly branched flower cluster) intr. 1892.
Maxim, is considered as a monotypic genus, separate from
because it has a corolla tubular and stamens 5, included; anthers opening by slits. Rehder bases the name on
, a subgenus of
, and C. leaf. As an azalea, it is listed as
T. tanakae (no stress) Maxim, (of Tyozaburo Tanaka, Japanese botanist; mts. of Honshu and Taiwan; intr. 1915.
Other Ericaceous Genera V
Vaccnium L. (ancient name of V. myrtillus , Virgil, Bucolics 2, 18; Ovid, Trist. 1, 1, 5: Pliny, N.H. 16, 77; etc.) Blueberry, Cranberry, Huckleberry, Bilberry, etc. c.150 spp. no. hemisphere, most in No. Amer. & e. Asia.
V. angustiilium Ait. (L. narrow-leaf) Lowbush Bl., Low-Sweet/Late-Sweet Bl., Sweet Hurts; Arctic Amer.-Minn., mts. of N.Y., N.H.; intr. 1772; much collected from wild plants.
V. arctostphylos L. (like Arctostaphylos) Caucasus; intr. 1800.
V. shei Reade (of William W. Ashe, 1872-1932) Rabbit-Eye Bl.; Ga. Fla. so. Ala.; minor element, with V. corymbosum , of commercial blueberries.
V. atrocccum (A. Gray) A. Heller (L. black-scarlet) Black Highbush Bl.; s. e. Va., e. S.C., intr. before 1898.
V. casium Greene (L. bluish-gray) Deerberry, Squaw H.; Penn. W. Va. Fla. Ala.
V. caespitsum Michx. (L. forming tufts) Dwarf Bilb.; No. Amer.; intr. 1823.
V. cndicans Michx. (L. becoming white, i.e. undersurface of lvs.) Ga., Ala.
V. corymbsu L. (G. korumbos broad, flat flower cluster) Highbush/Swamp Bl., Whortle berry; chief parent of comm. blueberries; Me. Fla. La.; intr. 1765.
V. crassiflium L. (L. thick-leaf) Creeping Bl.; s. e. Va. S.C.; intr. 1787.
V. cylindrceum Smith (L. cylindrical, i.e. tubular flowers) Azores.
V. delavyi Franch. (of Pre Jean Marie Delavay, Fr. missionary in Yunnan), w. China; cult. 1933.
V. delkisum Piper (L. delicious) Wash. no. Ore.; intr. 1920.
V. dunalinum Wight (of Michel F. Dunal, 1789-1856, prof. of bot., Montpellier) Himal.
V. ellittii Chapman (of Stephen Elliott, 1771-1830, prof. in Charleston, S.C., author of A sketch of the botany of South Carolina and Georgia ) Elliott's Bl.; Va. Fla. to Ark., La.
V. fusctum Aiton (L. swarthy, i.e. the leathery lvs.) so. Ga., Fla.
V. glauclbum Hook. f. ex C.B. Clarke (L. white-glaucous, i.e. undersurface of lvs.) Himal.
V. hirstum Buckley (L. hairy, i.e. pubescent lvs.) Hairy H.; Tenn., N.C.; intr. 1887.
V. macrocrpon Aiton (G. large fruit) Cranberry, Large/American C., Nfld. to Minn., so. to N.C.
(From the O.E.D.):cranberry. Also craneberry. A name of comparatively recent appearance in English; entirely unknown to the herbalists of 16-17th c., who knew the plant and fruit ( V. oxycoccus , ed.) as marshwhorts, fenwhorts, fenberries, marshberries, mossberries. Several varieties of the name appear in continental languages, as G. Kranichbeere, Kranbeere, LG Krnbere. . . Kranebere (all meaning craneberry); cf. also Sw. tranbar, Da. tranchaer, F. trana, trane, crane.
The name appears to have been adopted by the North American colonists from some LG source and brought to America with the American cranberries ( V. macrocarpon ) and imported [to England, ed.] already in 1688. Thence it began to be applied in the 18th c. to the British species V. Oxycoccus . In some parts, where the latter is unknown, the name is erroneously given to the Cowberry ( V. Vitis Idaea ).
1672 Josselyn, New Eng. Rarities 119. "Cranberry, or Bear Berry, is a small trayling plant in salt marshes"...1868 Queen Victoria, Life in Highlands 139, "Dinner ending with a good tart of cranberries."
The name originated in the resemblance of the petals and anther" beak" to the head of a crane. Some other names: F. canneberge, Sp. arandano, It. mortellina di paiule, Cz. brusinka, Mod. German Moosbeere.
V. membranceum Douglad (L. thin-skinned) Thin Leaf/Blue H., Mountain Bl.; Ont., Mich. B.C. no. Cal.; much collected in the wild; intr. 1828.
V. myrsintes Lam (like Myrsine, Cape Myrtle, African Boxwood) N.C., Fla., La.; cult. 1813.
V. myrtillodes Michx. (resembling V. myrtillus ) Sour-top/Velvet-Leaf Bl.; Labr. B.C., so. to Va.; much collected from wild plants for market.
V. myrtllus L. (former generic name) Whortleberry, Whinberry; Fr. myrtlle ; Ger. Heidelbeere ; It. mirtillo ; Eur., no. Asia; cult. 1789.
V. nummalra Hook. f. & T. Thomson (L. pertaining to a moneychanger, i.e. lvs. shaped like coins) Himal.; intr. 1850.
V. occidentle A. Gray (L. western) Western Bl.; B.C. c. Cal. e. to Rocky Mt S.; intr. 1918.
V. oldhmii Miq. (of Richard Oldham, 18371864) Korea, Japan; intr. 1892.
V. ovaliflium Smith (L. oval-leaf) Mathers; no. Amer.; intr. 1880.
V. ovtum Pursh L. egg-shaped) Cal./Evergreen/Shot H.; B.C. Cal.; florists' greens called "Huckleberry" or "Leatherleaf"; intr. 1826.
V. oxycccos L. (old generic name from G. oxus sharp, i.e. in taste + kokkos berry) Small/European Cranberry; Fr. canneberge; Ger. Moosbeere; It. mortellina di palule; no. Eur. and Asia, No. Amer.; cult. 1789.
V. padiflium Smith (L. from padus ancient Gallic name for Picea : Pliny 3,122) Madeira.
V. pllidum Ait. (L. pale) N.Y., Ga., Ala., Mo., Ark.; cult, c.1878.
V. parviflium Smith (L. small-leaf) Red H.; Alaska Cal.; intr. 1881.
V. prastans Lambert (L. distinguished) Kamchatka Bilb.; no. Asia; intr. 1914.
V. scoprium Leiberg (L. broom-like; yellow-green stems resemble Broom) Grouseberry, Little Leaf H.; Alta. B.C., so. to Colo., Cal.; intr. 1904.
V. sprenglii (G. Don) Sleum. (of Kurt P.J. Sprengel, 17661833, prof. of med. & bot., Halle; published on flora of Halle, Umbelliferae , history of botany and edited the 18th edition of Linnaeus's Systema Vegetabilium , 1825-28) Himal., China, s. e. Asia; intr. c.1908.
V. stapfinum (shtahp-fe-) Sleum. (of Otto Stapf, 1857-1933, Austrian bot. at Kew; keeper 1909-22) Borneo.
V. uliginsum L. (L. swampy, i.e. habitat) Bog Bilb., Moorberry; Fr. airelledesmarais; Ger. Moorbeere, Rauschbeere; no. Eur. & Asia, No. Amer.; cult. 1789.
V. vcillans Torrey (L. swaying) Sugar H., Low/Early Sweet Bilb./BI.; w. Nova Scotia Mich. so. to Mo. Ga.; cult, c.1878.
V. virgtum Ait. (L. twiggy) Ga. Fla., w. to Ark., Tex.; intr. 1770.
V. vitis-idaa L. (L. grape of Mt. Ida, a celebrated ridge near Troy) Covered with woods and presenting a fine view of the Hellespont, Mt. Ida was a favorite haunt of the gods during the Trojan War. From it Zeus, in the guise of a giant eagle, snatched Ganymede to make him cupbearer on Olympus; there Paris gave the prize of beauty to Aphrodite among the three goddesses. Cowberry, Foxberry, Cranberry; Fr. airelle rouge; Ger. Preisselbeere; It. mortella rossa; no. Eur.; often collected wild and marketed; cult. 1789.
var. mnus Loddiges (L. less) Mt. Cranb., Rock C., Lingberry, Lingen, Lingenberry; Mass. Alaska; cult. 1825.
This series began in the Spring 1988 issue of the ARS journal and will continue in the Spring 1990 issue.