Welcome to Wilma A. Dunaway's  Slavery and Emancipation in the Mountain South: Evidence, Sources, and Methods

The Supplementary Electronic Archive for  Slavery in the American Mountain South  (Cambridge University Press, 2003) and 

The African-American Family in Slavery and Emancipation (Cambridge University Press, 2003)


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Discussion 1:

Slaves in Livestock Production

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Civil War in the Mountain South

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Published Primary Sources

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Adair's History of the American Indians, 1775. Edited by Samuel Williams. Johnson City, TN: Watauga Press, 1930.

"Address of James Barbour," American Farmer 7 (December, 1825), 287-92.

Affleck, Thomas. "On the Hygiene of Cotton Plantations and the Management of Negro Slaves. Southern Medical Reports 2 (1850): 429-36.

African Repository and Colonial Journal. Washington, DC: American Colonization Society, 1825-1850.

Allen, William F., ed. Slave Songs of the United States. New York: A. Simpson, 1867.

Ambler, Charles H., ed. The Life and Diary of John Floyd. Richmond: Richmond Press, 1918).

American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions, First Ten Annual Reports with Other Documents of the Board. Boston, 1834.

American State Papers. Washington, DC: Gales and Seaton, 1831-1860.

Anderson, Robert. From Slavery to Affluence: Memoirs of Robert Anderson, Ex-Slave. Steamboat Springs, Co: Steamboat Pilot, 1927.

Andrews, E.A. Slavery and the Domestic Slave Trade in the United States. Boston: Light and Stearns, 1836.

Andrews, Sidney. The South since the War as Shown by Fourteen Weeks of Travel and Observation. 1866. Reprint. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1971.

Ashe, Thomas. Travels in America in 1806. London: E.M. Blount, 1808.

Ball, Charles. Slavery in the United States: A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Charles Ball, A Black Man. 1837. Reprint. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969.

Bear, James A., ed. The Family Letters of Thomas Jefferson. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1978.

Beeman, Richard R., ed. "Trade and Travel in Post-revolutionary Virginia: A Diary of an Itinerant Peddler, 1807-1808." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 84 (1976), 174-88.

Betts, Edwin M., ed. Thomas Jefferson's Farm Book with Commentary and Relevant Extracts from Other Writings. Princeton: American Philosophical Society, 1953.

Betts, Edwin M., ed. Thomas Jefferson's Garden Book, 1766-1824 With Relevant Extracts from His Other Writings. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1944.

The Black Military Experience: A Documentary History Edited by Ira Berlin, Joseph P. Reidy, and Leslie Rowland. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Blassingame, John W., ed. Slave Testimony: Two Centuries of Letters, Speeches, Interviews and Autobiographies. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1977.

Bontemps, Arna, ed. Great Slave Narratives. Boston: Beacon Press, 1969.

Bourne, George. The Book and Slavery Irreconcilable. 1816. Reprint. New York: Arno Press, 1969.

Branham, Levi. My Life and Travels. Dalton, GA: By Author, 1929.

Breeden, James. O., ed. Advice among Masters: The Ideal in Slave Management in the Old South. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1980.

Bremer, Frederika. The Homes of the New World. New York: G.B. Putnam, 1853, 2 vols.

Brewer, William M. "The Gold Regions of Georgia and Alabama." American Institute of Mining Engineers Transactions 25 (1895): 569-87.

Brown, John. Slave Life in Georgia. 1855. Reprint. Savannah: Beehive Press, 1972.

Brown, W.A. "Midwifery in a Country Practice." Nashville Journal of Medicine and Surgery 7 (1854): 459-63.

Brown, William W. Narrative of William Wells Brown, A Fugitive Slave. Boston: Antislavery Office, 1847.

Brownlow, William G. A Sermon on Slavery. Knoxville, 1857.

Bryan, T. Conn, ed. "Letters Concerning Georgia Gold Mines." Collections of the Georgia Historical Society 39 (1955): 401-9; 44 (1960): 338-46.

Bryant, William Cullen. Letters of a Traveller. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1850.

Bryant, William Cullen. Picturesque America. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1872-1874. 2 vols.

Buck, William P., ed. Sad Earth, Sweet Heaven: The Diary of Lucy Rebecca Buck during the War between the States. Birmingham: Cornerstone.

Buckingham, James S. The Slave States of America. London: Fisher, 1842, 2 vols.

Bushman, Katherine G., ed. The Registers of Free Blacks, 1810-1864: Augusta County, Virginia and Staunton, Virginia. Verona, VA: Mid-valley Press, 1989.

Cairnes, John E. The Slave Power, Its Character, Career and Probable Designs. New York, 1862.

Calendar of Virginia State Papers and Other Manuscripts. Edited by W.P. Palmer. Richmond: State of Virginia, 1875-1893.

Campbell, Charles, ed. Memoirs of a Monticello Slave. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1951.

Campbell, Jesse H. Georgia Baptists: Historical and Biographical. Macon, GA: J.W. Burke, 1874.

Cannell Coal Company. Report of the Board of Directors of the Cannel Coal Company of Coal River, Virginia. New York: 1855

The Carolina Chronicles of Dr. Francis LeJau, 1707-1717. Edited by Frank J. Klingberg. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1956.

Carpenter, Charles, ed. "Henry Dana Ward: Early Diary Keeper of the Kanawha Valley." West Virginia History 37 (1976), 34-48.

Cather, Willa. Sapphira and the Slave Girl. New York: Knopf, 1940.

Catterall, Helen T., ed. Judicial cases Concerning American Slavery and the Negro. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution, 1926-1937, 4 vols.

Chambers, William. Things as They Are in America. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo and Co., 1854.

Charter of the Coal River and Kanawha Mining and Manufacturing Company, Virginia, Together with the Report of Joseph Gill, Esq., State Engineer. New York: 1855.

Clarke, James F. The Present Condition of the Free Colored People of the United States. New York: Antislavery Society, 1859.

Clay, Cassius M. Cassius Marcellus Clay: Memoirs, Writings and Speeches. Cincinnati: J. Fletcher Brennan and Co., 1886. 2 vols.

Clemson, Floride. A Rebel Came Home. Edited by Charles M. McGee and Ernest M. Lander. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1961.

The Code of the State of Georgia. Edited by R.H. Clark, T.R.R. Cobb, and D. Irwin. Atlanta: State of Georgia, 1861.

Coffey, David W., ed. "'Into the Valley of Virginia': The 1852 Travel Account of Curran Swain." Virginia Cavalcade 39 (Spring 1990), 14-27.

Cole, Arthur H. Wholesale Commodity Prices in the United States, 1700-1861. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938.

Colyer, Vincent. Brief Report of the Services Rendered by the Freedpeople to the U.S. Army in North Carolina in the Spring of 1862 after the Battle of Newbern. New York: By Author, 1864.

Conway, Alan. The Welsh in America: Letters from the Immigrants. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1961.

Conway, Moncure D. Testimonies Concerning Slavery. London: Chapman and Hall, 1864.

Coombs, Edith I. America Visited: Famous Travellers Report on the United States in the 18th and 19th Centuries. New York: Book League of America, 1908.

Criswell, Robert. Uncle Tom's Cabin Contrasted with Buckingham Hall, the Planter's Home. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1852.

Davis, Noah. A Narrative of the Life of reverend Noah David: A Colored Man, Written by Himself at the Age of 54. Baltimore, 1866.

DeBrahm's Report of the General Survey in the Southern District of North America. Edited by Louis DeVorsey. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1971.

deForest, John W. A Union Officer in the Reconstruction. Edited by James H. Croushore and D.M. Potter. New York: Oxford University Press, 1948.

Dew, Thomas R. Review of the Debate in the Virginia Legislature of 1831 and 1832. Richmond: T.W. White, 1832.

The Diary of James T. Ayers, Civil War Recruiter. Edited by John H. Franklin. 1947. Reprint. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1999.

A Documentary History of American Industrial Society. Edited by J.R. Commons and Associates. Cleveland: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1910.

"Documenting the American South: North American Slave Narratives, Beginnings to 1920," Electronic Texts, Academic Affairs Library, University of North Carolina http://sunsite.unc.edu/docsouth/neh/neh.html

These documents were utilized:

H.C. Bruce. The New Man: Twenty-Nine Years a Slave, Twenty-Nine Years a Free Man. York, PA: P. Anstadt and Sons, 1895.

Narrative of the Life of Moses Grandy, Late a Slave in the United States of America. London: C. Gilpin, 1843

Donne, Alfred. Mothers and Infants, Nurses and Nursing. Boston: Phillips and Sampson, 1859.

Douglass, Frederick. Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. 1892. Reprint, New York: Collier Books.

Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. 1845. Reprint. New York: Dover Publications, 1995.

Douglass, Frederick. My Bondage and My Freedom. New York: Orton and Mulligan, 1855.

Drew, Benjamin. A North-side View of Slavery. Boston: John P. Jewett, 1856.

Dunn, Durwood, ed. An Abolitionist in the Appalachian South: Ezekiel Birdseye on Slavery, Capitalism, and Separate Statehood in East Tennessee, 1841-1846. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997.

Early and Wife v. Friend et. al.: An Appeal from the Circuit Court of Kanawha. Lewisburg, VA: William F. Parish, Printer, 1857. 2 vols.

Eastman, H. Aunt Phillis's Cabin, or Southern Life as It Is. Philadelphia, 1852.

Embree, Elihu. The Emancipator. 1820. Reprint. Nashville: B.H. Murphy, 1932.

"Evelyn Williams." Video directed by Anne Lewis. Whitesburg, KY: Appalshop Film and Video, 1996.

Families and Freedom: A Documentary History of African-American Kinship in the Civil War Era. Edited by Ira Berlin and Leslie S. Rowland. New York: New Press, 1997.

Featherstonhough, G.W. Excursion through the Slave States, From Washington on the Potomac to the Frontier of Mexico, With Sketches of Popular Manners and Geological Notices. 1844. Reprint. New York: Negro Universities, 1968, 2 vols.

-----. A Canoe Voyage Up the Minnay Sotor. London: Richard Bentley, 1847.

Fedric, Francis. Slave Life in Virginia and Kentucky. London: 1863.

Ferry Hill Plantation Journal: Life on the Potomac River and Chesapeake and Ohio Canal: 4 January 1838 - 15 January 1839. Edited by Fletcher M. Green, Thomas F. Hahn, and Nathalie W. Hahn. Shepherdstown, WV: American Canal and Transportation Center, 1975.

The Fire of Liberty in Their Hearts: The Diary of Jacob E. Yoder of the Freedmen's Bureau School, Lynchburg, Virginia. Edited by Samuel L. Horst. Richmond: Library of Virginia, 1996.

Flanders, Ralph B. Plantation Slavery in Georgia. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1933.

Folger, Alfred M. The Family Physician, Being a Domestic Medical Work Written in Plain Style. Spartanburg, 1845.

Ford, Paul L. The Writings of Thomas Jefferson. New York: Putnam and Sons, 1892-99.

Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861-1867. Edited by Ira Berlin, Steven F. Miller, Joseph P. Reidy, and Leslie S. Rowlands. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985-1993, Series I, 3 vols.

Freedom's Lawmakers: A Directory of Black Officeholders during Reconstruction. Edited by Eric Foner. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1996.

Freedom's Soldiers: The Black Military Experience in the Civil War. Edited by Ira Berlin, Joseph P. Reidy, and Leslie Rowland. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Furman, Jan, ed. Slavery in the Clover Bottoms: John McCline's Narrative of His Life during Slavery and the Civil War. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1998.

"General Slade's Journal of a Trip to Tennessee." Historical Society of Trinity College Papers 6 (1906), 37-56.

Greene, Jack P., ed. The Diary of Colonel Landon Carter of Sabine Hall, 1752-1778. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1965.

Grimes, William. Life of William Grimes, the Runaway Slave. New York: By Author, 1825.

Grund, Francis J. The Americans in Their Moral, Social and Political Relations. Boston: Marsh, Capen and Lyon, 1837.

Gunn, John C. Gunn's Domestic Medicine; or Poor Man's Friend, Shewing the Diseases of Men, Women and Children. Madisonville, TN: By Author, 1834.

Gurney, Joseph J. A Journey in North America: Described in Familiar Letters to Amelia Opie. Norwich: J. Fletcher, 1841.

Hall, James. Notes on the Western States. Philadelphia: Harrison Hall, 1838.

Hamilton, Kenneth G., ed. "Minutes of the Mission Conference Held in Spring Place." Atlanta Historical Bulletin Winter 1970.

Hamilton, Stanislaus M., ed. The Letters and Writings of James Monroe. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1898-1903, 7 vols.

Harper's Atlas of American History. Edited by Dixon R. Fox. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1920.

Harrison, William P. The Gospel among the Slaves. Nashville: M.E. Church Publishing House, 1893.

Helper, Hinton R. The Impending Crisis of the South: How to Meet It. 1851. Reprint. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Hening, William W., ed. The Statutes at Large of Virginia, 1619-1792. Philadelphia: Bartow, 1809-1823.

Holcombe, Hosea. A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Alabama. Philadelphia: Ring, 1840.

Hopkins, James F., ed. The Papers of Henry Clay. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1959.

Howe, Henry, ed. Historical Collections of Virginia. Charleston, SC: Babcock, 1845.

Hughes, Louis. Thirty Years a Slave: From Bondage to Freedom. 1897. Reprint. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969.

Hunt, Gaillard, ed. The Writings of James Madison. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1901.

Ingraham, Joseph H. The Southwest by a Yankee. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1835.

Jackson, John. "The Devil Wore Hickory Shoes." Song 1 in "I Believe in Angels Singing: Songs from the Underground Railroad Era." Compiled by Augusta Heritage Arts Center. Elkins, WV: Unity Productions, 1996 [sound recording].

Jacobs, Harriet A. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl Written by Herself. 1861. Edited by Jean F. Yellin. Reprint. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987.

"James Madison's Attitude toward the Negro," Journal of Negro History 6 (1921), 74-112.

Janney,  Werner L. and Asa M. Janney, eds. John Jay Janney's Virginia: An American Farm Lad's Life in the Early 19th Century.  McLean, VA: EPM Publications, 1978.

Janson, Charles W. The Stranger in America, 1793-1806. 1807. Reprint. New York: Press of the Pioneers, 1935.

Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia. Edited by William Peden. 1787. Reprint. New York: W.W. Norton, 1982.

"John Brown's Journal of Travel in Western North Carolina in 1795." Edited by A.R. Newsome. North Carolina Historical Review 11 (1934), 284-313.

Jones, Alexander H. Knocking at the Door. Washington, DC: McGill and Witherow, 1866.

Jones, Charles C. Catechism of Scripture, Doctrine and Practice for Families and Sabbath Schools, Designed also for the Oral Instruction of Colored Persons. Savannah: T. Purse and Co., 1837.

"Journal of John Sevier," Tennessee Historical Magazine 5-6 (1919-1920): 156-94, 232-64, 18-68.

Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1904-1937.

Killion, Ronald and Charles Waller, Comp. Slavery Time When I Was Chillun Down on Marster's Plantation. Savannah: Beehive Press, 1973.

Kimzey, Herbert B., Comp. Early Genealogical and Historical Records: Habersham County, Georgia. Athens, GA: By author, 1988.

King, Edward. The Great South: A Record of Journeys. Hartford: American Publishing Co., 1879, 2 vols.

Lane, Lunsford. The Narrative of Lunsford Lane. Boston: J.G. Torrey, 1842.

Langhorne, Orra. Southern Sketches from Virginia, 1881-1901. Edited by Charles E. Wynes. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1964.

Lanier, Sidney. The Science of English verse. New York: J.P. Putnam, 1880.

Lanman, Charles. Letters from the Allegheny Mountains. New York: G.B. Putnam, 1849.

Laws of the Cherokee Nation Adopted by the Council at Various Periods. Tahlequah: Cherokee Advocate Officer, 1852.

Laws or Laws Relative to Lands and Intestate Estates. Knoxville: Roulstone and Wilson, 1800.

Lerner, Gerda, ed. Black Women in White America: A Documentary History. New York: Pantheon Books, 1972.

"Letters of Alexander D. Kelly," William and Mary Quarterly 17 (1908), 27-33.

"Letters of Benjamin Hawkins," Georgia Historical Collections, 9 (1924).

"Letters of 1831-32 about Kentucky." Filson Club Historical Quarterly, 16 (1942), 220-7.

Letters of William Lee. Edited by W.C. Ford. Brooklyn: Historical Printing Co., 1891.

"Letters to Jefferson from Archibald Cary and Robert Gamble." William and Mary Quarterly 6 (1926), 122-32.

Logan, John R. Sketches, Historical and Biographical, of the Broad River and King's Mountain Baptists Associations from 1800 to 1882. Shelby, NC: By author.

Logan, Rayford. "Memoirs of a Monticello Slave." William and Mary Quarterly. 8 (1951): 561-82.

"The Lonaconing Journals: The Founding of a Coal and Iron Community, 1837-1840." Edited by Katherine A. Harvey. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 67 (2) (1977).

Lord, Clifford L. and Elizabeth S. Lord. Historical Atlas of the United States. New York: Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1969.

Lord, William G. Blue Ridge Parkway Guide. Washington, DC: Eastern Acorn Press: 1990.

Lumpkin, Katherine D. The Making of a Southerner. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1971.

Lynd, Staughton, ed. Nonviolence in America: A Documentary History. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1966.

McDonald, Cornelia P. A Woman's Civil War: A Diary with Reminiscences of the War, from March 1862. Edited by Minrose C. Gwin. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1992.

McGee, Charles M. and E.M. Lander, Eds. A Rebel Came Home: The Diary and Letters of Florida Clemson, 1863-1866. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1989.

Mackay, Charles. Life and Liberty in America, or Sketches of a Tour in the United States and Canada in 1857-8. London, 1859.

McKitrick, Eric, ed. Slavery Defended: The Voices of the Old South. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1963.

McKivigan, John R., ed. The Roving Editor or Talks with Slaves in the Southern States, by James Redpath. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.

Malet, William W. An Errand to the South in the Summer of 1862. London: R. Bentley, 1862.

Marryat, Frederick. A Diary in America, With Remarks on Its Institutions. Philadelphia: Carey and Hart, 1839.

Martin, Joseph. A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer of Virginia and the District of Columbia. Charlottesville: W.H. Brockenbrough, 1835-6.

Martineau, Harriet. Society in America. London, Saunders and Otley, 1837.

-----. Retrospect of Western Travel. London: Saunders and Otley, 1838.

Mason, Frances N. John Norton and Sons, Merchants of London and Virginia, being the Papers from Their Counting House for the Years 1750 to 1795. Richmond: Dietz Press, 1937.

Mathew, William M., ed. Agriculture, Geology and Society in Antebellum South Carolina: The Private Diary of Edmund Ruffin, 1843. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992.

Meaders, Daniel, ed. Advertisements for Runaway Slaves in Virginia, 1801-1820. New York: Garland Publishing, 1997.

Meigs, Charles D. Females and Their Diseases: A Series of Letters to His Class. Philadelphia, 1848.

Meigs, Charles D. Observations on Certain of the Diseases of Young Children. Philadelphia, 1850.

Melish, John. The Traveler's Directory through the United States, containing a Description of all the Principal Roads. Philadelphia: By Author, 1822.

Melish, John. The Traveler's Directory through the United States, containing a Description of all the Principal Roads. Philadelphia: By Author, 1849.

Mercer, Margaret. Popular Lectures on Ethics or Moral Obligation. Petersburg, VA: Edmund and Julien C. Ruffin, 1841.

Mintz, Steven, ed. "Excerpts from Slave Narratives," University of Houston, Digitized Collections http://vi.uh.edu/pages/mintz/primary.htm

Mississippi Provincial Archives, 1729-1740. Edited by Dunbar Rowland and A.G. Sanders. Jackson, MS: Dept. of Archives and History, 1927-1932.

Mooney, James. "Myths of the Cherokee." Bureau of American Ethnology Annual Report 19 (1900).

Moore, Glover. A Calhoun County, Alabama Boy in the 1860s. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1978.

Moorman, John J. The Virginia Springs: Comprising an Account of all the Principal Mineral Springs of Virginia. Richmond: J.W. Randolph, 1854.

Myers, Robert M., ed. The Children of Pride: A True Story of Georgia and the Civil War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972.

Newell, Franklin S. "The Effect of Overcivilization on Maternity." American Journal of the Medical Sciences 136 (1908): 533-41.

Nitze, H.B.C. and M.A.J. Wilkens. "The Present Condition of Gold Mining in the Southern Mountain States." American Institute of Mining Engineers Transactions 25 (1895): 678-87.

Olmsted, Frederick L. . The Cotton Kingdom: A Traveller's Observations on Cotton and Slavery in the American Slave States. Edited by Arthur M. Schlesinger. New York: Knopf, 1953.

-----. A Journey in the Back Country, 1853-1854. New York: Burt Franklin, 1860.

-----. Journey in the Seaboard Slave States. 1859. Reprint. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1968.

One Hundred Years of Progress of the United States. Hartford, CT: L. Stebbins, 1870.

Page, Thomas N. Social Life in Old Virginia before the War. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1897.

The Papers of John C. Calhoun. Edited by Clyde N. Wilson. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1958.

The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Edited by Julian P. Boyd. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1950.

The Papers of Zebulon Baird Vance. Edited by Frontis W. Johnston. Raleigh, NC: State Department of Archives, 1963.

Parker, Freddie L., ed. Running for Freedom: Slave Runaways in North Carolina, 1775-1840. New York: Garland Publishing, 1993.

Parker, Freddie L., ed. Stealing a Little Freedom: Advertisements for Slave Runaways in North Carolina, 1791-1840. New York: Garland Publishing, 1994.

Payne, Alban S. "Report of Obstetrical Cases." Steth. 3 (1853): 204-205.

Pennington, James W.C. The Fugitive Blacksmith, or Events in the History of James W.C. Pennington, Formerly a Slave. London: C. Gilpin, 1849.

Perdue, Charles L. T.E. Barden and R.K. Phillips, Eds. Weevils in the Wheat: Interviews with Virginia Ex-slaves. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1976.

Peterson, Frank P. and Frank H. Flynn. "The Walhalla District, S.C." Engineering and Mining Journal 101 (February 1916): 379-86.

Playfair, Robert. Recollections of a Visit to the United States and British provinces of North America in the Years 1847, 1848 and 1849. Edinburgh: T. Constable, 1856.

Potts, Howard E., Compiler. A Comprehensive Name Index for The American Slave. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997.

Pryor, Sara R. My Day: Reminiscences of a Long Life. New York: Macmillan, 1909.

Ramsey, Frederic. Been here and Gone. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1960.

Randolph, J.T. The Cabin and the Parlor; or Slaves and Masters. Philadelphia, 1852.

Randolph, Peter. Sketches of Slave Life. Boston: By Author, 1855.

Rankin, John. Letters on American Slavery Addressed to Mr. Thomas Rankin, Merchant at Middlebrook, Augusta County, Virginia. 1837. Reprint. Westport, CT: Negro Universities Press, 1970.

Rawick, George P., Comp. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography. 19 vols. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1972.

-----. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, Supplement I. 12 vols. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing, 1977.

-----. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, Supplement II. 10 vols. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing, 1979.

Records in the British Public Record Office Relating to South Carolina, 1663-1684. Edited by A.S. Salley. Columbia: Historical Commission of South Carolina, 1928-1947.

Records of the Moravians in North Carolina. Edited by Adelaide L. Fries. Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton, 1922-1930).

Redpath, James, The Roving Editor or Talks with Slaves in the Southern States. 1859. Reprint. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1968.

Reed, Andrew and James Matheson. A Narrative of the Visit to the American Churches. London: Jackson and Walford, 1835.

Reid, Joseph D. "Antebellum Southern Rental Contracts." Explorations in Economic History 13 (1976).

Report of the Commissioner of Patents for the Year 1851: Agriculture. Washington, DC: U.S. House of Representatives, 1852.

Rogers, William B. Report of the Geological Reconnaissance of the State of Virginia. Philadelphia: DeSilver, Thomas and Co., 1836.

Rose, Willie Lee, ed. A Documentary History of Slavery in North America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

Roughley, T. The Jamaica Planter's Guide. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1823.

Royall, Anne. Sketches of History, Life and Manners in the United States by a Traveller. New Haven, CT: By Author, 1826.

-----. Southern Tour, or Second Series of the Black Book. Washington, D.C.: By Author, 1830-1831, 2 vols.

Ruffin, Edmund. Slavery and Free Labor Described and Compared: Address to the People of West Virginia. 1847. Reprint. Bridgewater, VA: Green Bookman, 1933.

St. Abdy, Edward. Journal of a Residence and Tour in the United States of America, from April, 1833 to October, 1834. London: John Murray, 1835.

The Secret Eye: The Journal of Ella Gertrude Clanton Thomas, 1848-1889. Edited by Virginia I. Burr. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.

Shepard, E. Lee, ed. "Trip to the Virginia Springs: An Extract from the Diary of Blair Bollings, 1838." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 96 (2) (1988), 193-212.

Shillitoe, Thomas. "Journal of the Life, Labours and Travels of Thomas Shillitoe." Friends Library 3 (1839): 74-486.

Sigourney, Lydia H. Letters to Mothers. Hartford: Hudson and Skinner, 1838.

Siler, Tom. Tennessee Towns: From Adams to Yorkville. Knoxville: East Tennessee Historical Society, 1985.

Silliman, Benjamin. "Remarks on Some of the Gold Mines and on Parts of the Gold Region of Virginia, Founded on Personal Observations, Made in the Months of August and September, 1836." American Journal of Science 32 (1837): 98-130.

Simons, John H. The Planter's Guide and Family Book of Medicine. Charleston, SC, 1848.

Singleton, William H. Recollections of Slavery Days. New York: Highland democratic Company, 1922.

Slave Life in Georgia: A Narrative of the Life of John Brown. Edited by L. A. Chamerovzow. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1971.

Smith, J. Gray. A Brief Historical, Statistical and Descriptive Review of East Tennessee, United States of America: Developing Its Immense Agricultural, Mining and Manufacturing Advantages, with Remarks to Emigrants. London: J. Leath, 1842.

Smith, James L. Autobiography including Reminiscences of Slave Life. Norwich, CT: Press of the Bulletin, 1881.

Smith, Margaret B. The First Forty Years of Washington Society. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1906.

Smith, Ross. "The Building of the East Tennessee and Virginia Railroad." East tennessee Roots 5 (2) (1988): 53-56.

Smyth, John F.D. A Tour of the U.S.A., Containing an Account of the Present Situation of that Country. London: G. Robinson, 1784.

Somers, Robert. The Southern States since the War, 1870-1871. 1871. Reprint. University: University of Alabama Press, 1965.

The South: A Collection from Harper's Magazine. New York: Gallery Books, 1990.

Spratte, Carol. "Wyoming County Folklore." AFFword 3 (1973), p. 26

Starobin, Robert S., ed. Blacks in Bondage: Letters of American Slaves. New York: New Viewpoints, 1974.

Stephenson, Mary, ed. The Diary of Clarissa Adger Bowen, Ashtabula Plantation. Pendleton, SC: Pendleton Historic Restoration Foundation, 1973.

Still, William. The Underground Railroad: A Record of Facts, Authentic Narratives and Letters. Philadelphia: Porter and Coates, 1872.

Stirling, James. Letters from the Slave States. London, 1857.

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-----. Touching Home: A Collection of History and Folklore from the Copper Basin, Fannin County Area. Orlando, FL: Daniels Publishers, 1976.

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-----. Agriculture of the United States in 1860. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1864.

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These collections were used at this Internet site:

    B.S. Brooke Letter, 14 November 1859

    Memoir of Alansa Rounds Sterrett

    Mary G. Calhoon Will

    Henry Kenneday Will

    Mary M. Burton Will

Robert Christian Will

Van Evrie, John H. Negroes and Negro "Slavery": The First an Inferior Race, The Latter Its Normal Condition. New York, 1853.

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-----. The Future of the American Negro. Boston: Small and Maynard, 1899.

-----. Up from Slavery: An Autobiography. New York: Association Press, 1901.

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Wiggington, Eliot, ed. Foxfire Book. Garden City: Anchor Books, 1972.

-----. Foxfire 2. Garden City: Anchor Books, 1973.

-----. Foxfire 3. Garden City: Anchor Books, 1975.

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Yetman, Norman R., ed. Life under the "Peculiar Institution": Selections from the Slave Narrative Collection. New York: Random House, 1970.


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