A goal of the Virginia Tech ETD initiative since its inception has been to provide open access to its graduate students' theses, dissertations, and similar works. Authors may choose to temporarily restrict access to their ETDs.
National Institutes of Health Public Access:required article deposit
The Public Access Policy ensures that the published results of NIH-funded research is available on the Internet. Articles must be deposited in PubMed Central, a free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature.
NSF Data Management Plan
Beginning January 18, 2011 proposals submitted to NSF must ... conform to the policy on the dissemination and sharing of research results.
FRPAA: Federal Research Public Access Act of 2009
S. 1373 would advance and expand the NIH Public Access Policy to 11 additional federal agencies.
Copyright in Scholarship and Instruction
FDI Presentation, 2009