Journal of the Japanese Society for Technology Education

Number 1
Volume 39


A Conceptual Framework for Fostering Operational Ability in Technology Education.
Yoshimi KONDO

Within technology education as general education, teaching methods have been studied and classes have been conducted with the objective that students learn how to perform specific operations efficiently. However, fostering operational ability in technology education should not only be about learning the operation of every tool or machine, we must broaden it and include forecasting and planning activities which are characteristics of human behavior. In order to achieve this the following points need to be considered. Regarding the objectives of the class, it is necessary to clearly define the levels and characteristics of mastery. During the process where students learn the operation of each machine and tool, each one should be involved in forecasting and planning. Then students should meet in small groups or as a class and engage in discussion in order to clarify what they have learned. Exams should be used for further clarification and if necessary opportunities should be provided in order to make corrections. From this, students acquire the behavior patterns of feedback and input. In order to make forecasting and planning possible we must evaluate the targeted operation using a means - objective analysis and then synthesize what was learned in previous operations. This paper demonstrated the conceptual framework for the formation of operational ability.

Key words : operational ability, process of class, forecasting and planning, feedback, input