Journal of the Japanese Society for Technology Education

Number 3
Volume 40


Problem Solving Teaching Methods and their Influences on Student Motivation toward Learning in Technology Education

The purpose of this study was to determine the influences of solving on students motivation toward learning in Technology Education. We developed a scale for measuring student motivation toward learning based on 4 factors(16 items), which were: 1)achievement expectations, 2)curiosity raised by cognitive conflict, 3)practice and operation expectations, and 4)understanding the necessity of learning.

We prepared 2 types of problem solving teaching methods in the field of Electricity. One was based on product manufacturing ( design - production - inspection), the other was based on the product improvement (modeling-adaptation-production).

In this investigation we compared these two types of teaching methods and obtained the following results. At the highest level of student motivation, there was no significant difference between the teaching methods. However, among the transitional student motivation patterns, some differences were found. Student motivation reached the highest level in the middle of manufacturing. Student motivation was highest at the end of product improvement. These differences were especially conspicuous with respect. to achievement expectations factor

Key words : Technology Education, Motivation , Teaching Method of Problem Solving